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Migration, Education and the Gender Gap in Labour Force Participation

Author

Listed:
  • Ilhom Abdulloev

    () (Rutgers University-New Brunswick)

  • Ira Gang

    () (Rutgers University-New Brunswick)

  • Myeong-Su Yun

    () (Tulane University)

Abstract

Women who want to work often face many more hurdles than men. This is true in Tajikistan where there is a large gender gap in labour force participation. We highlight the role of two factors – international migration and education – on the labour force participation decision and its gender gap. Using probit and decomposition analysis, our investigation shows that education and migration have a significant association with the gender gap in labour force participation in Tajikistan. International emigration from Tajikistan, in which approximately 93.5% of the participants are men, reduces labour force participation by men domestically; increased female education, especially at the university and vocational level, increases female participation. Both women acquiring greater access to education and men increasing their migration abroad contribute to reducing the gender gap.

Suggested Citation

  • Ilhom Abdulloev & Ira Gang & Myeong-Su Yun, 2014. "Migration, Education and the Gender Gap in Labour Force Participation," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1420, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
  • Handle: RePEc:crm:wpaper:1420
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Clemens, Michael A., 2017. "Testing for Repugnance in Economic Transactions: Evidence from Guest Work in the Gulf," IZA Discussion Papers 11061, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Tamar Khitarishvili, 2016. "Gender Dimensions of Inequality in the Countries of Central Asia, South Caucasus, and Western CIS," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_858, Levy Economics Institute.
    3. Luik, Marc-André & Emilsson, Henrik & Bevelander, Pieter, 2016. "Explaining the Male Native-Immigrant Employment Gap in Sweden: The Role of Human Capital and Migrant Categories," IZA Discussion Papers 9943, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Asadullah, Niaz & Wahhaj, Zaki, 2016. "Missing from the Market: Purdah Norm and Women's Paid Work Participation in Bangladesh," IZA Discussion Papers 10463, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Kamalbek Karymshakov & Burulcha Sulaimanova, 2017. "Migration impact on left-behind women’s labour participation and time-use: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan," WIDER Working Paper Series 119, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. Gang, Ira N. & Gatskova, Kseniia & Landon-Lane, John & Yun, Myeong-Su, 2016. "Vulnerability to Poverty: Tajikistan During and After the Global Financial Crisis," IZA Discussion Papers 10049, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    migration; education; gender gap; labour force participation; Tajikistan;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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