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Was erklärt die Lohnunterschiede zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland?

Author

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  • JanKluge
  • MichaelWeber

Abstract

Auch über 25 Jahre nach der deutschen Vereinigung sind noch immer starke Lohnunterschiede zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland zu beobachten. Mithilfe verknüpfter Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer-Daten lassen sich 40 % der im Jahr 2010 beobachteten Ost-West-Lohndifferenz auf strukturelle Unterschiede in persönlichen, betrieblichen und regionalen Charakteristika zurückführen. Besonders bedeutsam sind dabei die Betriebsgrößen- und Preisunterschiede zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland. Auch die höhere Erwerbsbeteiligung der Frauen und die geringere Tarifbindung in Ostdeutschland tragen zur Lohndifferenz bei. Da sich viele der identifizierten Einflussfaktoren einer direkten wirtschaftspolitischen Einflussnahme entziehen, dürfte auch in Zukunft nicht mit einer raschen Angleichung der Löhne in Ost- und Westdeutschland zu rechnen sein.

Suggested Citation

  • JanKluge & MichaelWeber, 2016. "Was erklärt die Lohnunterschiede zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland?," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 23(02), pages 03-09, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:23:y:2016:i:02:p:03-09
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. MichaelWeber, 2016. "Der flächendeckende Mindestlohn in Ost- und Westdeutschland: Erwartungen und Wirklichkeit," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 23(03), pages 36-40, June.
    2. David Bauer & Joachim Ragnitz & Christian Ochsner, 2018. "Strategien für die bestmögliche Ausstattung mit und Nutzung von Fördermitteln nach 2020," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 82, October.
    3. JoachimRagnitz, 2019. "Schlechter als erwartet, besser als gedacht: Die wirtschaftliche Situation in Ostdeutschland 30 Jahre nach dem Mauerfall," ifo Dresden berichtet, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 26(05), pages 03-08, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Lohnstruktur; Tarifvertrag; Ostdeutschland; Westdeutsche Bundesländer;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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