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Strukturelle Ursachen des Einkommensrückstands Ostdeutschlands

Listed author(s):
  • Joachim Ragnitz


In der Öffentlichkeit wird zuweilen die Ansicht geäußert, der Abstand in den Verdienstmöglichkeiten zwischen Ost- und Westdeutschland sei vor allem eine Folge unterschiedlicher Wirtschaftsstrukturen (wie der Dominanz kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen, des Fehlens von Unternehmenshauptsitzen oder auch einer ungünstigen Branchenstruktur). In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, dass Strukturunterschiede nur einen kleinen Teil der Einkommenslücke erklären können. Vielmehr resultiert diese aus einem insgesamt niedrigeren Lohn- und Gehaltsniveau. Freilich reflektiert dies auch die geringe Leistungskraft vieler Unternehmen; eine raschere Lohnangleichung ist insoweit nur tragfähig, wenn es gelingt, auch das durchschnittliche Produktivitätsniveau in Ostdeutschland deutlich zu erhöhen.

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Article provided by ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

Volume (Year): 17 (2010)
Issue (Month): 02 (04)
Pages: 17-23

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Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:17:y:2010:i:02:p:17-23
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  1. Ragnitz, Joachim, 2007. "Explaining the East German productivity gap: the role of human capital," Kiel Working Papers 1310, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
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