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Still At Work? An empirical test of competing theories of long hours culture

  • Cowling, Marc

There is increasing evidence of a widening in the cross-country dispersion in general working hours. More recently, however, there has been considerable attention given to the “long hours culture” phenomenon identified in certain segments of the labour market, in particular amongst professional and managerial staff, and potential causes and impacts of such a culture. In this study we use a large-scale European worker survey to test the validity of several competing hypotheses of why people work long hours. Our results show that there is a labour – quality of leisure trade-off for women, but not for men. Other key determinants of long working hours are industry sector, occupational status, gender and job security proxied by employment contracts.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 1614.

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Date of creation: 30 Jan 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:1614
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  1. Bell, D. & Hart, R.A., 1998. "Unpaid Work," Working Papers Series 9803, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
    • Bell, David N F & Hart, Robert A, 1999. "Unpaid Work," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 66(262), pages 271-90, May.
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  4. Matthew Gray & Lixia Qu, 2004. "Long work hours and the wellbeing of fathers and their families," Australian Journal of Labour Economics (AJLE), Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre (BCEC), Curtin Business School, vol. 7(2), pages 255-273, June.
  5. Jacobsen, Joyce P. & Kooreman, Peter, 2004. "Timing Constraints and the Allocation of Time: The Effects of Changing Shopping Hours Regulations in the Netherlands," IZA Discussion Papers 1309, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  7. Edward C. Prescott, 2004. "Why do Americans Work so Much More than Europeans?," NBER Working Papers 10316, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Randy Hodson, 2004. "Work Life and Social Fulfillment: Does Social Affiliation at Work Reflect a Carrot or a Stick?," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 85(2), pages 221-239.
  9. James B. Rebitzer & Lowell J. Taylor, 1991. "Do Labor Markets Provide Enough Short Hour Jobs? An Analysis of Work Hours and Work Incentives," NBER Working Papers 3883, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  11. Gerhard BOSCH, 1999. "Working time: Tendencies and emerging issues," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 138(2), pages 131-149, 06.
  12. Marc Cowling, 2002. "The extent and determination of performance related pay systems in Scandinavian countries," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(3), pages 305-316.
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  15. Jongsoog Kim & Lydia Zepeda, 2004. "When The Work Is Never Done: Time Allocation In Us Family Farm Households," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(1), pages 115-139.
  16. Tenbrunsel, Ann E. & Brett, Jeanne M. & Maoz, Eyal & Stroh, Linda K. & Reilly, Anne H., 1995. "Dynamic and Static Work-Family Relationships," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 233-246, September.
  17. Dora L. Costa, 1998. "Hours of Work and the Fair Labor Standards Act: A Study of Retail and Wholesale Trade, 1938-1950," NBER Working Papers 6855, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Wim Groot & Henriëtte Van Den Brink, 2002. "Age and Education Differences in Marriages and their Effects on Life Satisfaction," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 153-165, June.
  19. Peetz, D & Townsend, K & Russell, B & Houghton, C & Allan, C & Fox, A, 2003. "Race against time: Extended hours in Australia," Australian Bulletin of Labour, National Institute of Labour Studies, vol. 29(2), pages 126-142.
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