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Corporate Governance in Pakistan: Corporate Valuation, Ownership and Financing

Author

Listed:
  • Attiya Y. Javid

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Robina Iqbal

    (Freelance Researcher)

Abstract

In this study the relationship between corporate governance and corporate valuation, ownership structure and need of external financing for the Karachi Stock Market is examined for the period 2003 to 2008. To measure the firmlevel governance a rating system is used to evaluate the stringency of a set of governance practices and cover various governance categories: such as board composition, ownership and shareholdings and transparency, disclosure and auditing. The sample consists of 60 non-financial firms listed on Karachi Stock Exchange and comprises more than 80 percent of market capitalization at Karachi Stock Market in 2007. The results confirms the theoretical notion that firms with better investment opportunities and larger in size adopt better corporate governance practice. The proposition that ownership concentration is a response to poor legal protection is also validated by the results. The more investment opportunities lead to more concentration of ownership and the ownership concentration is significantly diluted as the firm size expands. The findings are consistent with theoretical argument claiming that family owners, foreign owners and bring better governance and monitoring practices which is consistent with agency theory. The results suggest that firms which need more equity financing practice good governance. The results show that firms with high growth and large in size are in more need of external finance. The relationship between external financing and ownership concentration is negative. The results reveal that the firms which practice good governance, with concentrated ownership, need more external finance which have more profitable investment opportunities and are larger in size are valued higher. The interaction term of any variable with law enforcement term are not significant in any model suggesting that firm performance is not affected by rule of law in countries where legal environment is weak. These results adds an important link to the explanation of the consequences weak legal environment for external financing, corporate valuation and corporate governance. The results show that Corporate Governance Code 2002 potentially improves the governance and decision making process of firms listed at KSE.

Suggested Citation

  • Attiya Y. Javid & Robina Iqbal, 2010. "Corporate Governance in Pakistan: Corporate Valuation, Ownership and Financing," PIDE-Working Papers 2010:57, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:wpaper:2010:57
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    1. Nauman Iqbal Mirza & Qaisar Ali Malik & Ch Kamran Mahmood, 2020. "The Value of Board Diversity in the Relationship of Corporate Governance and Investment Decisions of Pakistani Firms," JOItmC, MDPI, vol. 6(4), pages 1-16, November.
    2. Henna Malik & Malik Muhammad Shehr Yar & Attiya Yasmin Javid, 2017. "New Issues Puzzle: Experience from Karachi Stock Exchange," Working Papers id:12182, eSocialSciences.
    3. Shahid Hussain & Nabeel Safdar, 2018. "Tunneling: Evidence from Family Business Groups of Pakistan," Business & Economic Review, Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan, vol. 10(2), pages 97-122, June.
    4. Kun Wang & Greg Shailer, 2015. "Ownership Concentration And Firm Performance In Emerging Markets: A Meta-Analysis," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(2), pages 199-229, April.
    5. Haleem, Fazli & Javid, Attiya Yasmin, 2011. "Modeling Dividend Behavior in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 37564, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Attiya Yasmin Javid & Qaisar Imad, 2012. "A Decomposition Analysis of Capital Structure: Evidence from Pakistan’s Manufacturing Sector," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 17(1), pages 1-31, Jan-June.
    7. Malik, Saif Ullah, 2012. "Relationship between Corporate Governance Score and Stock Prices: Evidence from KSE- 30 Index Companies," MPRA Paper 44475, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Fazli Haleem, 2011. "Modeling Dividend Behavior in Pakistan," Information Management and Business Review, AMH International, vol. 3(6), pages 289-301.
    9. Shah, Muhammad Hashim & Xiao, Zuoping & Abdullah, & Quresh, Shakir & Ahmad, Mushtaq, 2020. "Internal pyramid structure, contract enforcement, minority investor protection, and firms’ performance: Evidence from emerging economies," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
    10. Helmi A. Boshnak, 2021. "Corporate Governance Mechanisms and Firm Performance in Saudi Arabia," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 12(3), pages 446-465, May.
    11. Siti Choiriah & Yvonne Augustine & Yuzwar Z. Basri & Khomsiyah, 2021. "The Influence of Corporate Governance and Culture on Corporate Reputation," Technium Social Sciences Journal, Technium Science, vol. 20(1), pages 499-509, June.
    12. Talat Afza & Mian Sajid Nazir, 2015. "Role of Institutional Shareholders’ Activism in Enhancing Firm Performance: The Case of Pakistan," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 16(4), pages 557-570, August.
    13. Aqsa Shabbir & Safdar H. Tahir & Bilal Aziz, 2013. "Corporate Governance through Ownership Structure: Evidence from KSE-100 Index," South Asian Journal of Management Sciences (SAJMS), Iqra University, Iqra University, vol. 7(2), pages 49-62, Fall.
    14. Wang, Kun Tracy & Shailer, Greg, 2017. "Family ownership and financial performance relations in emerging markets," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 82-98.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ownership Concentration; Corporate Governance; Firm Performance; External Financing; Panel Data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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