Assessment for Qualification and Certification in Upper Secondary Education: A Review of Country Practices and Research Evidence
Within the policy field of student assessment, the assessment of students for qualification and certification in upper secondary education has special importance since key decisions for the progression of students may be taken on the basis of assessment results. Students in most OECD countries face increased specialisation in upper secondary education and high stakes are associated to their performance when assessment results are used as a criterion for selection, both for access to higher education and other educational programmes and for access to the labour market. On the basis of research findings and country practices, this paper describes key features of assessment for qualification and certification in upper secondary education and discusses issues regarding its design and implementation. Dans le domaine de l’évaluation des élèves, les évaluations pour qualification et l’obtention d’un diplôme au deuxième cycle de l’enseignement secondaire ont une importance particulière puisque des décisions clés sur la progression des élèves peuvent être prises sur la base des résultats d’évaluation. Les élèves dans la plupart des pays de l’OCDE font face à une spécialisation accrue au deuxième cycle de l’enseignement secondaire et à des enjeux élevés associés à leurs performances, lorsque les résultats d’évaluation peuvent être utilisés comme critère de sélection à la fois pour l’accès à l’enseignement supérieur et autres programmes d’éducation, et au marché du travail. Dans ce rapport, les caractéristiques principales des évaluations pour qualification et l’obtention d’un diplôme au deuxième cycle de l’enseignement secondaire, ainsi que les thématiques associées à leurs conceptions et mises en oeuvre sont présentées à la lumière des résultats de la recherche et des pratiques nationales.
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