IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Leistungsfördernde Anreize für das Schulsystem

  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

In den vergangenen beiden Ausgaben des ifo Schnelldienstes wurden in der Serie »Ökonomische Beiträge zur Schuldebatte« der Einfluss von Klassengrößen und Computereinsatz auf die Schülerleistungen untersucht. Fazit: Mehr Geld für Bildung ist zuwenig, höhere Bildungsausgaben sind keine Qualitätsgarantie. Da es also nicht um »more of the same« gehen kann, wendet sich der vorliegende Beitrag tiefer greifenden institutionellen Reformmöglichkeiten des Schulsystems zu, von denen sich eine Steigerung der Effizienz des Bildungsprozesses erhoffen lässt. Die vorgestellte internationale empirische Evidenz belegt, dass Institutionen wie externe Prüfungen, Dezentralisierung und Wettbewerbselemente Anreize im Schulsystem schaffen können, damit sich die Beteiligten im Sinne einer Leistungsförderung verhalten. Die Leistungen von Schülern in Ländern, die vorgegebene Standards extern überprüfen, sind signifikant besser. Insbesondere dort, wo solche externen Prüfungen die Schulen für ihr Verhalten zur Rechenschaft ziehen, führt auch ein höherer Grad von Selbständigkeit der Schulen, insbesondere in Personal- und Prozessfragen, zu einem höheren Kompetenzgewinn der Schüler. Und verschiedene Wettbewerbselemente im Schulsystem gehen ebenfalls mit besseren Schülerleistungen einher. Die empirischen Ergebnisse legen also nahe, dass in institutionellen Reformen, die die Anreize der Beteiligten auf die Förderung der Schülerleistungen ausrichten, die wirklichen Chancen für das deutsche Bildungssystem stecken. Während sich der vorliegende Beitrag insbesondere mit institutionellen Einflüssen auf das Leistungsniveau und damit mit Effizienzfragen des Schulsystems beschäftigt, wird sich der vierte und letzte Beitrag der Serie im übernächsten Heft mit institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen des Schulsystems befassen, die die Chancengleichheit im Schulsystem beeinflussen.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.cesifo-group.de/portal/page/portal/DocBase_Content/ZS/ZS-ifo_Schnelldienst/zs-sd-2005/ifosd_2005_19_2.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Schnelldienst.

Volume (Year): 58 (2005)
Issue (Month): 19 (October)
Pages: 18-27

as
in new window

Handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:19:p:18-27
Contact details of provider: Postal: Poschingerstrasse 5, 81679 Munich, Germany
Phone: +49 (89) 9224-0
Fax: +49 (89) 985369
Web page: http://www.cesifo-group.de
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Hendrik Jürges & Wolfram F. Richter & Kerstin Schneider, 2004. "Teacher Quality and Incentives: Theoretical and Empirical Effects of Standards on Teacher Quality," CESifo Working Paper Series 1296, CESifo Group Munich.
  2. Andrei Shleifer, 1998. "State Versus Private Ownership," NBER Working Papers 6665, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Sandstrom, F. Mikael & Bergstrom, Fredrik, 2005. "School vouchers in practice: competition will not hurt you," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2-3), pages 351-380, February.
  4. Bishop, John H. & Wößmann, Ludger, 2004. "Institutional effects in a simple model of educational production," Munich Reprints in Economics 20279, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  5. Rosalind Levacic, 2004. "Competition and the performance of english secondary schools: further evidence," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 177-193.
  6. Fuchs, Thomas & Wößmann, Ludger, 2007. "What accounts for international differences in student performance? A re-examination using PISA data," Munich Reprints in Economics 20303, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  7. Eric A. Hanushek & Margaret E. Raymond, 2004. "The Effect of School Accountability Systems on the Level and Distribution of Student Achievement," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 406-415, 04/05.
  8. Ludger Wößmann, 2003. "Zentrale Prüfungen als "Währung" des Bildungssystems: zur Komplementarität von Schulautonomie und Zentralprüfungen," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(2), pages 220-237.
  9. Hendrik Jürges & Kerstin Schneider & Felix Büchel, 2005. "The Effect Of Central Exit Examinations On Student Achievement: Quasi-Experimental Evidence From TIMSS Germany," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(5), pages 1134-1155, 09.
  10. Brian A. Jacob & Steven D. Levitt, 2003. "Rotten Apples: An Investigation Of The Prevalence And Predictors Of Teacher Cheating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 118(3), pages 843-877, August.
  11. Ludger Wößmann, 2005. "Ursachenkomplexe der PISA-Ergebnisse:Untersuchungen auf Basis der internationalen Mikrodaten," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper No. 16, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  12. Bradley, Steve & Taylor, Jim, 2002. "The Effect of the Quasi-market on the Efficiency-Equity Trade-Off in the Secondary School Sector," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 295-314, July.
  13. Ludger Woesmann, 2003. "Schooling Resources, Educational Institutions and Student Performance: the International Evidence," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 117-170, 05.
  14. Caroline Minter Hoxby, 2003. "Introduction to "The Economics of School Choice"," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of School Choice, pages 1-22 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Thomas Fuchs & Ludger Woessmann, 2004. "What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-Examination Using PISA Data (new title: What accounts for international differences in student performance? A re-examination us," CESifo Working Paper Series 1235, CESifo Group Munich.
  16. Helen F. Ladd, 2002. "School Vouchers: A Critical View," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(4), pages 3-24, Fall.
  17. Paul Peterson & William Howell & Patrick J. Wolf & David Campbell, 2003. "School Vouchers. Results from Randomized Experiments," NBER Chapters, in: The Economics of School Choice, pages 107-144 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Ludger Woessmann, 2004. "Institutional Comparisons in Educational Production," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 2(4), pages 03-06, 01.
  19. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "Does Competition among Public Schools Benefit Students and Taxpayers?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1209-1238, December.
  20. Betts, Julian R, 1998. "The Impact of Educational Standards on the Level and Distribution of Earnings," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 266-75, March.
  21. Ladd, Helen F. & Walsh, Randall P., 2002. "Implementing value-added measures of school effectiveness: getting the incentives right," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 1-17, February.
  22. repec:lan:wpaper:971 is not listed on IDEAS
  23. Jacob, Brian A., 2005. "Accountability, incentives and behavior: the impact of high-stakes testing in the Chicago Public Schools," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(5-6), pages 761-796, June.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ces:ifosdt:v:58:y:2005:i:19:p:18-27. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Klaus Wohlrabe)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.