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Bank Liquidity Provision Across the Firm Size Distribution

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  • Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
  • Olivier Darmouni
  • Stephan Luck
  • Matthew C. Plosser

Abstract

We use supervisory loan-level data to document that small firms (SMEs) obtain shorter maturity credit lines than large firms; have less active maturity management; post more collateral; have higher utilization rates; and pay higher spreads. We rationalize these facts as the equilibrium outcome of a trade-off between lender commitment and discretion. Using the COVID recession, we test the prediction that SMEs are subject to greater lender discretion by examining credit line utilization. We show that SMEs do not drawdown in contrast to large firms despite SME demand, but that PPP loans helped alleviate the shortfall.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriel Chodorow-Reich & Olivier Darmouni & Stephan Luck & Matthew C. Plosser, 2020. "Bank Liquidity Provision Across the Firm Size Distribution," NBER Working Papers 27945, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:27945
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    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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