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Working Time Reductions at the End of the Career: Do They Prolong the Time Spent in Employment?

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  • Albanese, Andrea

    (LISER)

  • Cockx, Bart

    (Ghent University)

  • Thuy, Yannick

    (Ghent University)

Abstract

In this paper we study the effects on the survival rate in employment of a scheme that facilitates gradual retirement through working time reductions. We use information on the entire labour market career and other observables to control for selection and take dynamic treatment assignment into account. We also estimate a competing risks model considering different (possibly selective) pathways to early retirement. We find that participation in the scheme initially prolongs employment, as participants keep accumulating full pension rights. However, as participants become eligible for early retirement subsequently, these larger financial incentives induce them to leave the labour force prematurely. These adverse incentives are stronger for individuals who reduce their working time most. After two (four) years for men (women), the positive effects reverse. The more favourable effect for women is likely a consequence of their lower opportunities to enter early retirement. The gradual retirement scheme fails the cost-benefit test.

Suggested Citation

  • Albanese, Andrea & Cockx, Bart & Thuy, Yannick, 2015. "Working Time Reductions at the End of the Career: Do They Prolong the Time Spent in Employment?," IZA Discussion Papers 9619, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp9619
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    2. Songül Tolan, 2017. "The Effect of Partial Retirement on Labor Supply, Public Balances and the Income Distribution: Evidence from a Structural Analysis," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1679, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Haan, Peter & Tolan, Songül, 2019. "Labor supply and fiscal effects of partial retirement – The role of entry age and the timing of pension benefits," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 14(C).
    4. Erik Hernæs & Zhiyang Jia & John Piggott & Trond Christian Vigtel, 2020. "Work less but stay longer. Mature worker response to a flexibility reform," Discussion Papers 937, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    5. Lin Xie & Yuan-yang Wu & Ying-xi Shen & Wen-chao Zhang & An-qi Zhang & Xue-yu Lin & Shi-ming Ti & Yi-tong Yu & Hua-lei Yang, 2021. "Effect of Retirement on Work Hours: Evidence From China," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 157(2), pages 671-688, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    part-time work; older workers; Inverse Probability Weighting; dynamic selection into treatment; endogenous sampling;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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