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The Effects of Competition and Equal Treatment Laws on the Gender Wage Differential

  • Weichselbaumer, Doris

    ()

    (University of Linz)

  • Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf

    ()

    (University of Linz)

This paper evaluates the impact of economic and legal variables on wage differentials between men and women. Since Becker (1957) economists have argued that competitive markets eliminate discrimination in the long run. On the other hand, practically all countries have enacted some sort of law mandating equal treatment of men and women. This paper uses a new international data set on the gender wage gap, which is constructed via a metaanalysis of existing studies. The findings show that both increased competition and the enactment of equal treatment laws reduce the gender wage gap.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 822.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2003
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Economic Policy, 2007, 22 (50), 235-287
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp822
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  17. Blau, Francine D & Kahn, Lawrence M, 1996. "Wage Structure and Gender Earnings Differentials: An International Comparison," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(250), pages S29-62, Suppl..
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