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Labour market discrimination: are there significant differences between the various decomposition procedures?

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  • Jacques Silber
  • Michal Weber

Abstract

Economists have usually called the proportion of the average wage gap between two groups which could not be explained by individual characteristics 'discrimination'. Recently, several theories have suggested that labour market discrimination, on the one hand, lowers the wages of the 'minority' group, and on the other, leads to higher pay for the 'majority' group. In a recent survey of the various methods used to decompose the overall wage differential between two groups, Oaxaca and Ransom compared five approaches in the contexts of race and gender discrimination. This paper checks whether there are significant differences between the various decomposition procedures which have appeared in the literature. The tests are based on bootstrap techniques.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Silber & Michal Weber, 1999. "Labour market discrimination: are there significant differences between the various decomposition procedures?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 359-365.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:31:y:1999:i:3:p:359-365
    DOI: 10.1080/000368499324345
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Weichselbaumer, Doris & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2003. "Rhetoric in Economic Research: The Case of Gender Wage Differentials," CEPR Discussion Papers 4128, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Bernd Fitzenberger & Karsten Kohn & Qingwei Wang, 2011. "The erosion of union membership in Germany: determinants, densities, decompositions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(1), pages 141-165, January.
    3. Elvin Afandi & Majid Kermani, 2014. "Bridging the Gender Gap in Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Europe," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1074, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    4. Doris Weichselbaumer & Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 2005. "A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 479-511, July.
    5. Nicole Schneeweis, 2011. "Educational institutions and the integration of migrants," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(4), pages 1281-1308, October.
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4377 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Furdas, Marina & Kohn, Karsten, 2010. "What's the Difference?! Gender, Personality, and the Propensity to Start a Business," IZA Discussion Papers 4778, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. J.G. Hirschberg & D.J. Slottje, 2002. "Bounding Estimates of Wage Discrimination," Department of Economics - Working Papers Series 854, The University of Melbourne.
    9. Weichselbaumer, Doris & Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2003. "The Effects of Competition and Equal Treatment Laws on the Gender Wage Differential," CEPR Discussion Papers 4015, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Amélia Bastos & Graça Leão Fernandes & José Passos, 2004. "Estimation of Gender Wage Discrimination in the Portuguese Labour Market," Notas Económicas, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, issue 19, pages 35-48, June.
    11. Joern Block & Karsten Kohn & Danny Miller & Katrin Ullrich, 2015. "Necessity entrepreneurship and competitive strategy," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 44(1), pages 37-54, January.
    12. Yue Ma & Ying Chu Ng, 2008. "Bootstrapping statistical inferences of decomposition methods for gender earnings differentials," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(12), pages 1583-1593.
    13. P. N. Junankar & Satya Paul & Wahida Yasmeen, 2010. "Are Asian Migrants Discriminated Against In The Labor Market? A Case Study Of Australia," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 55(04), pages 619-646.
    14. Mohamed Jellal & Christophe Nordman & Francois-Charles Wolff, 2008. "Evidence on the glass ceiling effect in France using matched worker-firm data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(24), pages 3233-3250.
    15. Essama-Nssah, , B. & Bassol3, Leandre & Paul, Saumik, 2010. "Accounting for heterogeneity in growth incidence in Cameroon," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5464, The World Bank.
    16. Ben Jann, 2008. "A Stata implementation of the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition," ETH Zurich Sociology Working Papers 5, ETH Zurich, Chair of Sociology, revised 14 May 2008.
    17. Essama-Nssah, B. & Bassole, Leandre, 2010. "A counterfactual analysis of the poverty impact of economic growth in Cameroon," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5249, The World Bank.
    18. Heinze, Anja, 2010. "Beyond the mean gender wage gap: Decomposition of differences in wage distributions using quantile regression," ZEW Discussion Papers 10-043, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

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