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Firm Dynamics with Frictional Product and Labor Markets

Author

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  • Kaas, Leo

    () (Goethe University Frankfurt)

  • Kimasa, Bihemo

    () (University of Konstanz)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the joint dynamics of prices, output and employment across firms. We develop a dynamic equilibrium model of heterogeneous firms who compete for workers and customers in frictional labor and product markets. Idiosyncratic productivity and demand shocks have distinct implications for the firms' output and price adjustments. Using panel data on prices and output for German manufacturing firms, we calibrate the model to evaluate the quantitative contributions of productivity and demand for the labor market and the dispersions of prices and labor productivity. We further analyze the impact of shocks to the first and second moments of idiosyncratic risk on macroeconomic outcomes. An increase in demand uncertainty induces sizable declines in output and employment together with rising cross-sectional dispersion of price and output growth which are typical features of recessions in our data.

Suggested Citation

  • Kaas, Leo & Kimasa, Bihemo, 2018. "Firm Dynamics with Frictional Product and Labor Markets," IZA Discussion Papers 11745, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11745
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alex Clymo, 2019. "Dispersion Over the Business Cycle: Productivity versus Demand," 2019 Meeting Papers 1125, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Pau Roldán & Sonia Gilbukh, 2018. "Firm dynamics and pricing under customer capital accumulation," Working Papers 1838, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    3. Pau Roldan & Sophia Gilbukh, 2017. "Firm Dynamics and Pricing under Customer Capital Accumulation," 2017 Meeting Papers 1235, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    firm dynamics; prices; demand; employment; uncertainty shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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