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Has Globalization Really Increased Business Cycle Synchronization?

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  • Eric Monnet
  • Mr. Damien Puy

Abstract

This paper assesses the strength of business cycle synchronization between 1950 and 2014 in a sample of 21 countries using a new quarterly dataset based on IMF archival data. Contrary to the common wisdom, we find that the globalization period is not associated with more output synchronization at the global level. The world business cycle was as strong during Bretton Woods (1950-1971) than during the Globalization period (1984-2006). Although globalization did not affect the average level of co-movement, trade and financial integration strongly affect the way countries co-move with the rest of the world. We find that financial integration de-synchronizes national outputs from the world cycle, although the magnitude of this effect depends crucially on the type of shocks hitting the world economy. This de-synchronizing effect has offset the synchronizing impact of other forces, such as increased trade integration.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Monnet & Mr. Damien Puy, 2016. "Has Globalization Really Increased Business Cycle Synchronization?," IMF Working Papers 2016/054, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2016/054
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    Cited by:

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    2. Cesa-Bianchi, Ambrogio & Imbs, Jean & Saleheen, Jumana, 2019. "Finance and synchronization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 74-87.
    3. José De Gregorio, 2018. "Productivity in Emerging Market Economies: Slowdown or Stagnation?," Working Papers wp471, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
    4. Antonin Aviat & Frédérique Bec & Claude Diebolt & Catherine Doz & Denis Ferrand & Laurent Ferrara & Eric Heyer & Valérie Mignon & Pierre-Alain Pionnier, 2021. "Dating business cycles in France: a reference chronology," SciencePo Working papers Main hal-03373425, HAL.
    5. Eric Monnet & Miklos Vari, 2019. "Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy," IMF Working Papers 2019/176, International Monetary Fund.
    6. Beck, Krzysztof, 2021. "Why business cycles diverge? Structural evidence from the European Union," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    7. Beck, Krzysztof & Yersh, Valeryia, 2024. "Economic integration and consumption risk sharing: A comparison of Eurozone and OECD countries," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(PB), pages 784-803.
    8. Rabanal, Cristian, 2017. "Sincronización cíclica en los países de la ALADI/Cyclical Synchronization in ALADI´s Countries," Estudios de Economia Aplicada, Estudios de Economia Aplicada, vol. 35, pages 421-442, Mayo.
    9. Eric Monnet & Mr. Damien Puy, 2019. "One Ring to Rule Them All? New Evidence on World Cycles," IMF Working Papers 2019/202, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Padhan, Rakesh & Prabheesh, K.P., 2020. "Business cycle synchronization: Disentangling direct and indirect effect of financial integration in the Indian context," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 272-287.
    11. Mr. Sakai Ando, 2019. "International Financial Connection and Stock Return Comovement," IMF Working Papers 2019/181, International Monetary Fund.
    12. Hwang, Sun Ho & Kim, Yun Jung, 2021. "International output synchronization at different frequencies," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 104(C).
    13. Krzysztof Beck, 2021. "Capital mobility and the synchronization of business cycles: Evidence from the European Union," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(4), pages 1065-1079, September.
    14. Monnet, Eric, 2017. "Credit controls as an escape from the trilemma. The Bretton Woods experience," CEPR Discussion Papers 12535, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    WP; post-war period; International Business Cycles; Synchronization; Financial integration; Trade integration; Globalization; globalization period; Bretton Woods period; world business cycle; business cycle synchronization; movement pattern; Business cycles; Exchange rate arrangements; Global;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • F42 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Policy Coordination and Transmission

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