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Bringing Financial Stability into Monetary Policy

Author

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  • Leeper, Eric M.

    (Indiana University and NBER)

  • Nason, James M.

    (zNorth Carolina State University and CAMA)

Abstract

This paper arms central bank policy makers with ways to think about interactions between financial stability and monetary policy. We frame the issue of whether to integrate financial stability into monetary policy operating rules by appealing to the observation that in actual economies financial markets are incomplete. Incomplete markets create financial market frictions that prevent economic agents from perfectly sharing risk; in the absence of frictions, financial (in)stability would be of no concern. Overcoming these frictions to improve risk sharing across economic agents is, in our view, the intent of policies geared toward ensuring financial stability. There are many definitions of financial stability. Although the definitions share the notion that financial stability becomes an issue for policy makers when a breakdown in risk-sharing arrangements in financial markets has a negative effect on real economic activity, we give several examples that show this notion is too general for thinking about the role monetary policy might have in smoothing shocks to financial stability. Examples include statistical models that seek to separate “good” from “bad” changes in private-sector debt ag- gregates, new Keynesian policy prescriptions grounded in neo-Wicksellian natural rate rules, and a historical episode involving the 1920s Federal Reserve. These examples raise a cautionary flag for policy attempts to control the growth and the composition of debt that financial markets produce. We conclude with some advice for revising central banks’Monetary Policy Reports.

Suggested Citation

  • Leeper, Eric M. & Nason, James M., 2015. "Bringing Financial Stability into Monetary Policy," Working Paper Series 305, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:rbnkwp:0305
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    3. Richard T. Froyen & Alfred V Guender, 2016. "The Real Exchange Rate in Open-Economy Taylor Rules: A Re-Assessment," Working Papers in Economics 16/10, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
    4. Saroj Dhital & Pedro Gomis-Porqueras & Joseph H. Haslag, 2020. "Monetary and Fiscal Policy Interactions in a Frictional Model of Money, Nominal Public Debt and Banking," Working Papers 2002, Department of Economics, University of Missouri.
    5. Begona Dominguez & Pedro Gomis-Porqueras, 2019. "The effects of secondary markets for government bonds on inflation dynamics," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 32, pages 249-273, April.
    6. Richard T. Froyen & Alfred V. Guender, 2017. "What to Aim for? The Choice of an Inflation Objective when Openness Matters," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 167-190, February.
    7. Ayesh Ariyasinghe & N. S. Cooray, 2021. "The Nexus Of Foreign Reserves, Exchange Rate And Inflation: Recent Empirical Evidence From Sri Lanka," South Asia Economic Journal, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka, vol. 22(1), pages 29-72, March.
    8. Leeper, E.M. & Leith, C., 2016. "Understanding Inflation as a Joint Monetary–Fiscal Phenomenon," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & Harald Uhlig (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 0, pages 2305-2415, Elsevier.
    9. Lewis, Vivien & Roth, Markus, 2018. "Interest rate rules under financial dominance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 70-88.
    10. Oparah Felix Chukwudi & James Tumba Henry, 2020. "Monetary Policy and Financial Stability in the Nigerian Banking Industry," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 11(1), pages 82-114, January.
    11. Donal Smith, 2016. "The International Impact of Financial Shocks: A Global VAR and Connectedness Measures Approach," Discussion Papers 16/07, Department of Economics, University of York.
    12. Campbell Leith & Eric Leeper, 2016. "Understanding Inflation as a Joint Monetary-Fiscal Phenomenon," Working Papers 2016_01, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    13. Vivien Lewis & Stefania Villa, 2016. "The Interdependence of Monetary and Macroprudential Policy under the Zero Lower Bound," Working Paper Research 310, National Bank of Belgium.
    14. Christian Friedrich & Kristina Hess & Rose Cunningham, 2019. "Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Cross‐Country Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 51(2-3), pages 403-453, March.
    15. Diessner, Sebastian & Lisi, Giulio, 2019. "Masters of the ‘masters of the universe’? Monetary, fiscal and financial dominance in the Eurozone," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 100754, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial frictions; incomplete markets; crises; new Keynesian; natural rate; monetary transmission mechanism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • N12 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-

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