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Nouvelles technologies et nouvelles formes d'organisation du travail : quelles conséquences pour l'emploi des salariés âgés ?

  • Patrick Aubert

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, INSEE-D3E - Département des études économiques d'ensemble - INSEE)

  • Eve Caroli

    ()

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris)

  • Muriel Roger

    (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UR1043)

Cet article s'intéresse aux relations entre nouvelles technologies, changements organisationnels et structure par âge de la main-d'oeuvre dans un cadre classique de demande de travail statique. Sous l'hypothèse d'une fonction de coût translog, comme cela est habituel dans ce genre de modèle, nous considérons que les seuls facteurs variables sont, dans un premier temps, les effectifs des différents groupes d'âge puis, dans un second temps, les effectifs des groupes d'&oacirc;ge par qualification. Les données utilisées pour estimer ce modèle sont issues de l'appariement de plusieurs sources : l'enquête Changements Organisationnels et Informatisation (COI), les Déclarations Annuelles des Données Sociales (DADS) et la base des Bénéfices Réels Normaux (BRN). Les résultats des estimations montrent que les salariés âgés représentent une part plus faible de la masse salariale dans les entreprises innovantes. Ce " biais à l'encontre de l'âge " est vérifié également au sein des différentes catégories de qualifications : la qualification ne suffit donc pas à protéger complètement contre les conséquences de l'âge.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number halshs-00590793.

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Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00590793
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  1. Borghans,Lex & Weel,Bas,ter, 2002. "Do Older Workers Have More Trouble Using a Computer Than Younger Workers?," ROA Research Memorandum 003, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
  2. P. Biscourp & B. Crépon & T. Heckel & N. Riedinger, 2002. "How do firms respond to cheaper computers? Microeconometric evidence for France based on a production function approach," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2002-05, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  3. Van Reenen, John & Caroli, Eve, 2001. "Skill-Biased Organizational Change? Evidence from a panel of British and French establishments," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10093, Paris Dauphine University.
  4. James Heckman, 2011. "Policies to foster human capital," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 73-137.
  5. Leora Friedberg, 2003. "The impact of technological change on older workers: Evidence from data on computer use," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 56(3), pages 511-529, April.
  6. Berman, Eli & Bound, John & Griliches, Zvi, 1994. "Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence from the Annual Survey of Manufactures," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 109(2), pages 367-97, May.
  7. P. Aubert & E. Caroli & M. Roger, 2004. "New Technologies, Workplace Organisation and the Age Structure of the Workforce: Firm-Level Evidence," Documents de Travail de la DESE - Working Papers of the DESE g2004-07, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, DESE.
  8. Timothy F. Bresnahan & Erik Brynjolfsson & Lorin M. Hitt, 2002. "Information Technology, Workplace Organization, And The Demand For Skilled Labor: Firm-Level Evidence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 117(1), pages 339-376, February.
  9. Michel Gollac & Nathalie Greenan & Sylvie Hamon-Cholet, 2000. "L'informatisation de l'« ancienne » économie : nouvelles machines, nouvelles organisations et nouveaux travailleurs," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 339(1), pages 171-201.
  10. Nathalie Greenan, 2003. "Organisational change, technology, employment and skills: an empirical study of French manufacturing," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 27(2), pages 287-316, March.
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