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New technologies, workplace organisation and the age structure of the workforce: Firm-level evidence

  • Patrick Aubert

    (CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique, INSEE-D3E - Département des études économiques d'ensemble - INSEE)

  • Eve Caroli

    ()

    (EconomiX - CNRS : UMR7166 - Université Paris X - Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS : UMR8545 - École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC) - École normale supérieure [ENS] - Paris)

  • Muriel Roger

    (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - Institut national de la recherche agronomique (INRA) : UR1043)

This paper investigates the relationships between new technologies, innovative workplace practices and the age structure of the workforce in a sample of French manufacturing firms. We find evidence that the wage-bill share of older workers is lower in innovative firms and that the opposite holds for younger workers. This age bias affects both men and women. It is also evidenced within occupational groups, thus suggesting that skills do not completely protect workers against the labour-market consequences of ageing. More detailed analysis of employment inflows and outflows shows that new technologies essentially affect older workers through reduced hiring opportunities as compared to younger workers. In contrast, organisational innovations mainly affect the probability of exit, which decreases much more for younger than for older workers following reorganisation.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE Working Papers with number halshs-00590805.

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Date of creation: Jun 2005
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Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00590805
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00590805
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