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Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors

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Abstract

Ce papier propose une revue synthétique du lien entre vieillissement, capacités cognitives, productivité et employabilité des seniors. Il s’agit notamment d’analyser comment les changements technologiques et organisationnels observés sur les dix dernières années — largement imputables à l’introduction de l’ordinateur au sein de l’entreprise — ont pu affecter la demande de travail envers les seniors. L’existence d’interactions complexes entre caractéristiques spécifiques à l’individu et celles spécifiques à l’entreprise explique l’absence de relation statistiquement significative entre productivité et âge du travailleur. Il apparaît cependant que des facteurs tels que le niveau et le type de formation initiale, mais aussi la motivation, sont des déterminants importants de l’employabilité du senior puisque conditionnant son adaptabilité à l’utilisation de nouvelles techniques et méthodes de production. À ce titre, le système d’incitations pour investir dans le capital humain joue un rôle important à la fois pour le senior et l’entreprise.
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Suggested Citation

  • Sandrine Levasseur, 2008. "Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2008-16, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:0816
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Éric Bonsang & Stéphane Adam & Sophie Germain & Sergio Perelman, 2007. "Retraite, activités non professionnelles et vieillissement cognitif. Une exploration à partir des données de Share," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 83-96.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vincent Touzé, 2008. "Marché du travail et emploi des seniors en Suède," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 55-85.
    2. Danièle Guillemot & Aurélie Peyrin, 2011. "Les salariés de plus de 50 ans et l'informatique : une comparaison public-privé," Post-Print halshs-01102397, HAL.
    3. Danièle Guillemot & Aurélie Peyrin, 2010. "Les salariés de plus de 50 ans et l'informatique : une comparaison public-privé," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 437(1), pages 3-28.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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