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Progrès technologique et employabilité des seniors

This article presents a review on the link between aging, cognitive capacities, productivity and employability of older workers. Especially, our aim consists in analysing the extent to which technological and organisational changes over the ten years ? mainly due to the introduction of computers within enterprises ? have affected the demand of labour for older workers. Complex interactions between characteristics specific to the employee with those specific to the enterprise explain the absence of significant statistical relation between productivity and age of the worker. However, both the level and the type of educational background together with motivation appear crucial determinants of older worker?s employability, as conditioning his adaptability for using new techniques and productive methods. In particular, the system of incentives for investing in human capital may play an important role both for older workers and the enterprise. JEL classification: O33, J23, J14, J24.

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Paper provided by Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) in its series Documents de Travail de l'OFCE with number 2008-16.

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Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:0816
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  1. John M. Abowd & John Haltiwanger & Julia Lane & Kevin L. McKinney & Kristin Sandusky, 2007. "Technology and the Demand for Skill:An Analysis of Within and Between Firm Differences," NBER Working Papers 13043, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Vegard Skirbekk, 2003. "Age and individual productivity: a literature survey," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2003-028, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  3. David Autor & Frank Levy & Richard Murnane, 2003. "The skill content of recent technological change: an empirical exploration," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Nov.
  4. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2007. "Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00178447, HAL.
  5. Aubert Patrick & Caroli Eve & Roger Muriel, 2005. "Nouvelles Technologies et Nouvelles Formes d'Organisation du Travail : Quelles conséquences pour l'emploi des salariés âgés ?," Research Unit Working Papers 0506, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  6. Maliranta, Mika & Ilmakunnas, Pekka, 2005. "Decomposing productivity and wage effects of intra-establishment labor restructuring," Discussion Papers 993, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  7. Alexia Prskawetz & Thomas Fent, 2007. "Workforce Ageing And The Substitution Of Labour: The Role Of Supply And Demand Of Labour In Austria," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 95-126, 02.
  8. Daveri, Francesco & Maliranta, Mika, 2006. "Age, Technology and Labour Costs," Discussion Papers 1010, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  9. Dhaval Dave & Inas Rashad & Jasmina Spasojevic, 2006. "The Effects of Retirement on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes," NBER Working Papers 12123, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Patrick Aubert, 2003. "Les quinquagénaires dans l'emploi salarié privé," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 65-94.
  11. Patrick Aubert & Bruno Crépon, 2003. "La productivité des salariés âgés : une tentative d'estimation," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 95-119.
  12. Roger, Muriel & Aubert, Patrick & Caroli, Eve, 2006. "New technologies, organisation and age: firm-level evidence," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10051, Paris Dauphine University.
  13. Stéphane Adam & Éric Bonsang & Sophie Germain & Sergio Perelman, 2007. "Retraite, activités non professionnelles et vieillissement cognitif. Une exploration à partir des données de Share," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 83-96.
  14. Béatrice Sédillot & Bruno Crépon & Luc Behaghel, 2004. "Contribution Delalande et transitions sur le marché du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 372(1), pages 61-88.
  15. Daniel, Kirsten & Heywood, John S., 2007. "The determinants of hiring older workers: UK evidence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 35-51, January.
  16. Luc Behahel, 2006. "Changement technologique et formation tout au long de la vie," Research Unit Working Papers 0602, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  17. Spitz, Alexandra, 2005. "The Effects of Changes in the Unemployment Compensation System on the Adoption of IT by Older Workers," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-40, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  18. Bartel, Ann P & Sicherman, Nachum, 1993. "Technological Change and Retirement Decisions of Older Workers," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 11(1), pages 162-83, January.
  19. repec:inr:wpaper:18393 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2009. "Le faible taux d'emploi des seniors," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00517121, HAL.
  21. Samia Benallah & Cindy Duc & François Legendre, 2008. "Peut-on expliquer le faible taux d'emploi des seniors en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 19-54.
  22. repec:inr:wpaper:18585 is not listed on IDEAS
  23. Francesco Daveri & Mika Maliranta, 2007. "Age, seniority and labour costs: lessons from the Finnish IT revolution," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 22, pages 117-175, 01.
  24. Prskawetz, Alexia & Veliov, Vladimir M., 2007. "Age-specific dynamic labor demand and human capital investment," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(12), pages 3741-3777, December.
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