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Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors

  • Hairault, Jean-Olivier
  • Langot, François
  • Sopraseuth, Thepthida

Comment assurer la pérennité du système de retraite français par l'allongement de la vie active lorsque moins d'un salarié sur deux parvient aujourd'hui à prendre sa retraite sans passer préalablement par l'inactivité ou le chômage ? Une partie du problème de l'inactivité des travailleurs âgés avant 60 ans pourrait se trouver au contraire dans la faible incitation à travailler au-delà de l'âge normal de la retraite déterminé par l'âge du " taux plein ". L'âge de la retraite introduit une fin de cycle de vie active qui modifie les comportements de recherche d'emploi lorsque les agents se rapprochent de cet horizon, mais également le comportement des entreprises dans leur stratégie de recrutements et de licenciements. Au niveau international, le taux d'emploi des 55 à 59 ans semble ainsi positivement corrélé avec l'âge de retraite effectif. Sur données individuelles, la probabilité d'être en emploi apparaît liée à la distance à l'âge du taux plein de la retraite.

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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 0513.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:0513
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  1. Mortensen, Dale T & Pissarides, Christopher A, 1994. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 397-415, July.
  2. Didier Blanchet & Louis-Paul Pele, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in France," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 101-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Patrick Aubert & Eve Caroli & Muriel Roger, 2005. "New technologies, workplace organisation and the age structure of the workforce: Firm-level evidence," PSE Working Papers halshs-00590805, HAL.
  4. Patrick Aubert & Bruno Crépon, 2003. "La productivité des salariés âgés : une tentative d'estimation," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 95-119.
  5. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2006. "Le double dividende des politiques incitatives à l'allongement de la durée de vie active," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(3), pages 449-460.
  6. Béatrice Sédillot & Bruno Crépon & Luc Behaghel, 2004. "Contribution Delalande et transitions sur le marché du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 372(1), pages 61-88.
  7. Jonathan Gruber & David Wise, 1997. "Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Introduction and Summary of Papers by..," NBER Working Papers 6134, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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