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Les effets à rebours de l'âge de la retraite sur le taux d'emploi des seniors

  • Hairault, Jean-Olivier
  • Langot, François
  • Sopraseuth, Thepthida

Comment assurer la pérennité de notre système de retraite par l'allongement de la vie active lorsque moins d'un salarié sur deux parvient aujourd'hui à prendre sa retraite sans passer préalablement par l'inactivité ou le chômage ? Nous montrons dans cet article qu'une partie du problème de l'inactivité des travailleurs âgés avant 60 ans se trouve au contraire dans la faible incitation à travailler au-delà de l'âge normal de la retraite déterminé par l'âge du “taux plein”. L'âge de la retraite introduit une fin de cycle de vie active qui modifie fondamentalement les comportements de recherche d'emploi lorsque les agents se rapprochent de cet horizon, mais également le comportement des entreprises dans leur stratégie de recrutements et de licenciements. Au niveau international, le taux d'emploi des 55-59 ans semble ainsi positivement corrélé avec l'âge de retraite effectif. Sur données individuelles, la probabilité d'être en emploi apparaît liée à la distance par rapport à l'âge du taux plein de la retraite. Les particularités des systèmes de retraite, en particulier l'ampleur de leur écart à la neutralité actuarielle, peuvent ainsi affecter le taux d'emploi bien avant l'âge de la retraite.

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Paper provided by CEPREMAP in its series CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) with number 0513.

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Length: 18 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cpm:docweb:0513
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  1. Jonathan Gruber & David Wise, 1997. "Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Introduction and Summary of Papers by..," NBER Working Papers 6134, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Aubert Patrick & Caroli Eve & Roger Muriel, 2005. "New Technologies, Workplace Organisation and the Age Structure of the Workforce: Firm-Level Evidence," Research Unit Working Papers 0505, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
  3. Dale T. Mortensen & Christopher A. Pissarides, 1993. "Job Creation and Job Destruction in the Theory of Unemployment," CEP Discussion Papers dp0110, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2006. "Le double dividende des politiques incitatives à l'allongement de la durée de vie active," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(3), pages 449-460.
  5. Didier Blanchet & Louis-Paul Pele, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in France," NBER Chapters, in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 101-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Patrick Aubert & Bruno Crépon, 2003. "La productivité des salariés âgés : une tentative d'estimation," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 368(1), pages 95-119.
  7. Béatrice Sédillot & Bruno Crépon & Luc Behaghel, 2004. "Contribution Delalande et transitions sur le marché du travail," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 372(1), pages 61-88.
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