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Natural Disasters, Household Welfare, and Resilience: Evidence from Rural Vietnam

Author

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  • Mohamed Arouri

    () (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - UO - Université d'Orléans - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Adel Ben Youssef

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Cuong Nguyen-Viet

    () (Chercheur indépendant)

Abstract

The study usescommune fixed-effect regressions to estimate the effect of natural disasters on household welfare and poverty, and subsequently examines household and community characteristics that can strengthen resilience of households to natural disasters. We find that all the three disaster types considered in this study including storms, floods and droughts have negative effects on household income and expenditure. Access to micro-credit, internal remittances and social allowances can help households strengthen the resilience to natural disasters. Households in communes with higher expenditure mean and more equal expenditure distribution are more resilient to natural disasters.

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  • Mohamed Arouri & Adel Ben Youssef & Cuong Nguyen-Viet, 2015. "Natural Disasters, Household Welfare, and Resilience: Evidence from Rural Vietnam," Post-Print halshs-01109452, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01109452
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01109452
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    Keywords

    poverty; resilience; household welfare; Vietnam JEL codes: O12; Natural hazards; disasters; Q54; D12 2;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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