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The Impact of Piped Water on Household Welfare: Evidence from Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Nguyen Viet Cuong

    () (Institute of Public Policy and Management, National Economics University)

  • Vu Thieu

    (Vietnam)

  • Pham Minh Thu

    (Vietnam)

  • Nguyen Xuan Truong

    (Ministry of Health of Vietnam)

Abstract

Clean water is essential for human survival, yet many people do not have access to clean water in Vietnam. Only around 23 percent of the population had access to piped water in 2006. Other households have to use water from wells, rivers, and ponds without any purification. This study measured the effect of piped water on household welfare using difference-in-differences estimators on panel data from the Vietnam Household Living Standard Surveys. Results showed a positive effect of piped water on household income and labor supply, but these were not statistically significant. Piped water showed a negative effect on sickness of household members, but this was also not statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

  • Nguyen Viet Cuong & Vu Thieu & Pham Minh Thu & Nguyen Xuan Truong, 2016. "The Impact of Piped Water on Household Welfare: Evidence from Vietnam," EEPSEA Research Report rr2016044, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia (EEPSEA), revised Apr 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:eep:report:rr2016044
    as

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    File URL: http://www.eepsea.org/pub/rr/2013_RR4.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gamper-Rabindran, Shanti & Khan, Shakeeb & Timmins, Christopher, 2010. "The impact of piped water provision on infant mortality in Brazil: A quantile panel data approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 188-200, July.
    2. A. Smith, Jeffrey & E. Todd, Petra, 2005. "Does matching overcome LaLonde's critique of nonexperimental estimators?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 125(1-2), pages 305-353.
    3. Dasgupta, Purnamita, 2004. "Valuing health damages from water pollution in urban Delhi, India: a health production function approach," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 83-106, February.
    4. Jalan, Jyotsna & Ravallion, Martin, 2003. "Does piped water reduce diarrhea for children in rural India?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 153-173, January.
    5. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    6. Rajeev H. Dehejia & Sadek Wahba, 2002. "Propensity Score-Matching Methods For Nonexperimental Causal Studies," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 151-161, February.
    7. Florencia Devoto & Esther Duflo & Pascaline Dupas & William Parienté & Vincent Pons, 2012. "Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 4(4), pages 68-99, November.
    8. Alberto Abadie & Guido W. Imbens, 2008. "On the Failure of the Bootstrap for Matching Estimators," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(6), pages 1537-1557, November.
    9. Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2005. "Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 83-120, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arouri, Mohamed & Nguyen, Cuong & Youssef, Adel Ben, 2015. "Natural Disasters, Household Welfare, and Resilience: Evidence from Rural Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 59-77.
    2. Arouri, Mohamed & Ba-Diagne, Bineta & Ben-Youssef, Adel & Besong, Raymond & Nguyen, Cuong, 2014. "Access to improved water, human capital and economic activity in Africa," MPRA Paper 72627, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    piped water; welfare; Vietnam;

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