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Access to improved water, human capital and economic activity in Africa

Author

Listed:
  • Arouri, Mohamed
  • Ba-Diagne, Bineta
  • Ben-Youssef, Adel
  • Besong, Raymond
  • Nguyen, Cuong

Abstract

This paper examines the correlation between access to improved water, human capital and economic activity in Africa. It shows that countries with higher access to improved water tend to have lower mortality rate than those with lower access to improved water even they have the same per capita GDP, population characteristics and other time-invariant characteristics. One percentage point increase in the proportion of population accessing improved water is associated with a decrease of 0.45 and 0.89 in the mortality rate (calculated as per mil). Although there is a very small correlation between the access to improved water and GDP per capita, there is a strong correlation between the access to improved water and poverty. Countries with higher proportion of population with access to improved water are more likely to have lower poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Arouri, Mohamed & Ba-Diagne, Bineta & Ben-Youssef, Adel & Besong, Raymond & Nguyen, Cuong, 2014. "Access to improved water, human capital and economic activity in Africa," MPRA Paper 72627, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:72627
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/72627/2/MPRA_paper_72627.pdf
    File Function: original version
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gamper-Rabindran, Shanti & Khan, Shakeeb & Timmins, Christopher, 2010. "The impact of piped water provision on infant mortality in Brazil: A quantile panel data approach," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(2), pages 188-200, July.
    2. Dasgupta, Purnamita, 2004. "Valuing health damages from water pollution in urban Delhi, India: a health production function approach," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(01), pages 83-106, February.
    3. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2010. "Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262232588, March.
    4. Florencia Devoto & Esther Duflo & Pascaline Dupas & William Parienté & Vincent Pons, 2012. "Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 4(4), pages 68-99, November.
    5. Cuong Nguyen Viet & Thieu Vu, 2013. "The impact of piped water on household welfare: evidence from Vietnam," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(9), pages 1332-1358, November.
    6. Sebastian Galiani & Paul Gertler & Ernesto Schargrodsky, 2005. "Water for Life: The Impact of the Privatization of Water Services on Child Mortality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 83-120, February.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Urbanization; piped water; household welfare; income; household survey;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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