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The Effect of Drought on Health Outcomes and Health Expenditures in Rural Vietnam

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  • Lohmann, Steffen
  • Lechtenfeld, Tobias

Abstract

This paper quantifies the short-term impact of drought on health conditions and health expenditures. Using panel data from rural Vietnam and rainfall data in an instrumental variable approach, the results suggest that populations face an increased risk of illness in the year they are exposed to drought. Households with reduced agricultural incomes and limited access to coping mechanisms seem particularly affected. Drought-related health shocks also cause financial burden for many households, with health expenditures increasing by 9–17% of total consumption. This paper contributes to a literature which so far has mostly focused on the long-term consequences of climate shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Lohmann, Steffen & Lechtenfeld, Tobias, 2015. "The Effect of Drought on Health Outcomes and Health Expenditures in Rural Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 432-448.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:72:y:2015:i:c:p:432-448
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.03.003
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    Cited by:

    1. De Alwis, Diana & Noy, Ilan, 2017. "The cost of being under the weather: Droughts, floods, and health care costs in Sri Lanka," Working Paper Series 6397, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    2. Ricciuti Roberto & Baronchelli Adelaide, 2018. "Climate change, rice production, and migration in Vietnamese households," WIDER Working Paper Series 86, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    3. Nguyen, Trung Thanh & Nguyen, Loc Duc & Lippe, Rattiya Suddeephong & Grote, Ulrike, 2017. "Determinants of Farmers’ Land Use Decision-Making: Comparative Evidence From Thailand and Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 199-213.
    4. Ebaidalla Mahjoub Ebaidalla & Mohammed Elhaj Mustafa Ali, 2017. "Determinants and Impact of Households’s Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure in Sudan: Evidence From Urban and Rural Population," Working Papers 1170, Economic Research Forum, revised 12 2017.
    5. Karim, Azreen, 2016. "The household response to persistent natural disasters: Evidence from Bangladesh," Working Paper Series 4968, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    6. repec:eee:wdevel:v:114:y:2019:i:c:p:13-27 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kostadis J. Papaioannou, 2018. "The Horns of a Dilemma in Colonial Policies:Rice, Rubber and Living Standards in the Malay Peninsula," Working Papers 0122, European Historical Economics Society (EHES).
    8. Ray, Mukesh K. & Maredia, Mywish K., 2018. "Legume Technologies as a Sustainable Solution to Climatic Shocks: Evidence from Malawi," 2018 Annual Meeting, August 5-7, Washington, D.C. 273873, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    9. repec:eee:wdevel:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:40-59 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    weather shocks; drought; health; Vietnam;

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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