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Climate Variability and Internal Migration: A Test on Indian Inter-State Migration

  • Ingrid Dallmann

    ()

    (Analyse des Dynamiques Industrielles et Sociales (ADIS) - Université Paris-Sud)

  • Katrin Millock

    ()

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS : UMR8174 - Université Paris I - Panthéon-Sorbonne, EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - Ecole d'Économie de Paris)

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    We match migration data from the Indian census with climate data to test the hypothesis of climate variability as a push factor for internal migration. The main contribution of the analysis is to introduce relevant meteorological indicators of climate variability, based on the standardized precipitation index. Gravity-type estimations derived from a utility maximization approach cannot reject the null hypothesis that the frequency of drought acts as a push factor on inter-state migration in India. The effect is significant for both male and female migration rates. Drought duration and magnitude as well as flood events are never statistically significant.

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00825807.

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    Date of creation: May 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00825807
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00825807
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    13. van Lottum, J. & Marks, D., 2010. "The Determinants of Internal Migration in a Developing Country: Quantitative Evidence for Indonesia, 1930-200," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1013, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
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