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An Empirical Exploration of the Population-Environment Nexus in India


  • Haimanti Bhattacharya
  • Robert Innes


This article presents an empirical study of population growth and environmental change using cross-section district-level data from South, Central, and West India. Environmental change is measured using a satellite-based vegetation index. Unlike prior work, the analysis treats population growth and environmental change as jointly determined, distinguishes between rural and urban populations, and distinguishes between two components of population growth, natural growth and migration. Among key findings are that environmental decline spurs rural population growth and net rural in-migration, which prompt further environmental decline; environmental improvement spurs urban population growth and net urban in-migration; and environmental scarcity spurs environmental improvement. Copyright 2008, Oxford University Press.

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  • Haimanti Bhattacharya & Robert Innes, 2008. "An Empirical Exploration of the Population-Environment Nexus in India," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(4), pages 883-901.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:90:y:2008:i:4:p:883-901

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anjini Kochar, 1997. "Does Lack of Access to Formal Credit Constrain Agricultural Production? Evidence from the Land Tenancy Market in Rural India," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(3), pages 754-763.
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    Cited by:

    1. Robert Innes & George Frisvold, 2009. "The Economics of Endangered Species," Annual Review of Resource Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 1(1), pages 485-512, September.
    2. Ingrid Dallmann & Katrin Millock, 2013. "Climate Variability and Internal Migration: A Test on Indian Inter-State Migration," Working Papers id:5480, eSocialSciences.
    3. Ingrid Dallmann & Katrin Millock, 2016. "Climate Variability and Internal Migration: A Test on Indian Inter-State Migration," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00825807, HAL.
    4. repec:mse:cesdoc:13045 is not listed on IDEAS

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