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Common correlated effects and international risk sharing

  • Peter Fuleky


    (UHERO and Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

  • L Ventura

    (Department of Economics and Law, Sapienza, University of Rome)

  • Qianxue Zhao

    (Department of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa)

International risk sharing has been among the most actively researched areas of macroeconomics for the last two decades. Empirical contributions in this field make extensive use of so called "consumption insurance" tests evaluating the extent to which idiosyncratic shocks in income get transferred to consumption. A prerequisite of such a test is the isolation of country specific variation in the data. We show that the cross-sectional demeaning technique frequently used in the literature is in general inadequate to eliminate global factors from a panel data set, and can lead to misleading inference. We argue that international risk sharing tests should instead be based on a method that more reliably deals with global factors. We claim and illustrate in our empirical application that the fairly simple common correlated e ects estimator for cross-sectionally dependent panels introduced by Pesaran (2006), and Kapetanios et al. (2010) is a tool that satisfies this requirement.

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Paper provided by University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201304.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hai:wpaper:201304
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  1. Pierfederico Asdrubali & Bent E. Sørensen & Oved Yosha, 1996. "Channels of Interstate Risk Sharing: United States 1963–1990," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 111(4), pages 1081-1110.
  2. George Kapetanios & M. Hashem Pesaran & Takashi Yamagata, 2006. "Panels with Nonstationary Multifactor Error Structures," Working Papers 569, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  3. Becker, Sascha O. & Hoffmann, Mathias, 2006. "Intra- and international risk-sharing in the short run and the long run," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(3), pages 777-806, April.
  4. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2007. "A simple panel unit root test in the presence of cross-section dependence," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(2), pages 265-312.
  5. Banerjee, A. & Marcellino, M. & Osbat, C., 2000. "Some Cautions on the Use of Panel Methods for Integrated Series of Macro-economic Data," Economics Working Papers eco2000/20, European University Institute.
  6. Jalan, Jyotsna & Ravallion, Martin, 1999. "Are the poor less well insured? Evidence on vulnerability to income risk in rural China," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 61-81, February.
  7. Robert J. Shiller, 1993. "Aggregate Income Risks and Hedging Mechanisms," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1048, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  8. Hashem Pesaran, M. & Yamagata, Takashi, 2008. "Testing slope homogeneity in large panels," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 142(1), pages 50-93, January.
  9. Giannone, Domenico & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2006. "Trends and cycles in the euro area: how much heterogeneity and should we worry about it?," Working Paper Series 0595, European Central Bank.
  10. G. Kapetanios & M. Hashem Pesaran & T. Yamagata, 2010. "Panels with nonstationary multifactor error structures," Post-Print peer-00768190, HAL.
  11. Pesaran, M. Hashem, 2004. "General Diagnostic Tests for Cross Section Dependence in Panels," IZA Discussion Papers 1240, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Markus Leibrecht & Johann Scharler, 2008. "Reconsidering Consumption Risk Sharing among OECD Countries: Some Evidence Based on Panel Cointegration," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 493-505, September.
  13. Michael J. Artis & Mathias Hoffmann, 2011. "The Home Bias, Capital Income Flows and Improved Long-Term Consumption Risk Sharing between Industrialized Countries," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(3), pages 481-505, December.
  14. M. Hashem Pesaran, 2004. "Estimation and Inference in Large Heterogeneous Panels with a Multifactor Error Structure," CESifo Working Paper Series 1331, CESifo Group Munich.
  15. Artis, Michael J. & Hoffmann, Mathias, 2006. "The Home Bias and Capital Income Flows between Countries and Regions," Technical Reports 2006,13, Technische Universität Dortmund, Sonderforschungsbereich 475: Komplexitätsreduktion in multivariaten Datenstrukturen.
  16. Cochrane, John H, 1991. "A Simple Test of Consumption Insurance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 957-76, October.
  17. Sul, Donggyu, 2009. "Panel unit root tests under cross section dependence with recursive mean adjustment," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 105(1), pages 123-126, October.
  18. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2010. "Risk Sharing: A Long Run Issue?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 705-730, November.
  19. Hendry, David F., 1995. "Dynamic Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198283164, July.
  20. Mace, Barbara J, 1991. "Full Insurance in the Presence of Aggregate Uncertainty," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(5), pages 928-56, October.
  21. Grimard, Franque, 1997. "Household consumption smoothing through ethnic ties: evidence from Cote d'Ivoire," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 391-422, August.
  22. Sorensen, Bent E. & Wu, Yi-Tsung & Yosha, Oved & Zhu, Yu, 2007. "Home bias and international risk sharing: Twin puzzles separated at birth," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 587-605, June.
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