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The Home Bias and Capital Income Flows between Countries and Regions

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  • Michael J. Artis
  • Mathias Hoffmann

Abstract

This paper documents a marked increase in international consumption risk sharing throughout the recent globalization period. Unlike earlier studies that have found it difficult to document a consistent effect of financial globalization on international consumption comovements, we make use of the information implicit in the relative levels of consumption and output to measure long-run risk sharing among OECD countries and US federal states. We derive our empirical setup from a deliberately simplistic model in which countries can trade perpetual claims to each other's output (Shiller securities). Our framework allows us to distinguish between two channels of risk sharing: ex ante diversification that leads to income smoothing through capital income flows and ex-post consumption smoothing through savings and dissavings. The model successfully replicates the patterns of income and consumption smoothing observed in both U.S. state-level and international data. The increase in international consumption risk sharing is closely associated with the decline in international portfolio home bias. While capital income flows remain relatively limited as a channel of risk sharing at business cycle frequencies, we find that better international portfolio diversification has led to a considerable increase in capital income flows at medium and long horizons.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael J. Artis & Mathias Hoffmann, 2007. "The Home Bias and Capital Income Flows between Countries and Regions," IEW - Working Papers 316, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:316
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar & Terrones, Marco E., 2007. "How Does Financial Globalization Affect Risk Sharing? Patterns and Channels," IZA Discussion Papers 2903, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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    6. Canova, Fabio & Ravn, Morten O, 1996. "International Consumption Risk Sharing," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 37(3), pages 573-601, August.
    7. Sorensen, Bent E. & Yosha, Oved, 1998. "International risk sharing and European monetary unification," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 211-238, August.
    8. Feldstein, Martin & Horioka, Charles, 1980. "Domestic Saving and International Capital Flows," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(358), pages 314-329, June.
    9. French, Kenneth R & Poterba, James M, 1991. "Investor Diversification and International Equity Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(2), pages 222-226, May.
    10. Philip Lane, 2001. "Do international investment income flows smooth income?," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(4), pages 714-736, December.
    11. Heathcote, Jonathan & Perri, Fabrizio, 2004. "Financial globalization and real regionalization," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 119(1), pages 207-243, November.
    12. Maurico Obstfeld, 2004. "External adjustment," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 140(4), pages 541-568, December.
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    16. Michael J. Artis & Mathias Hoffmann, 2008. "Financial Globalization, International Business Cycles and Consumption Risk Sharing," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(3), pages 447-471, September.
    17. Nelson C. Mark & Donggyu Sul, 2003. "Cointegration Vector Estimation by Panel DOLS and Long-run Money Demand," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(5), pages 655-680, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Artis & Toshihiro Okubo, 2008. "The Intranational Business Cycle: Evidence from Japan," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 101, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    2. Peter Fuleky & Luigi Ventura & Qianxue Zhao, 2018. "Common correlated effects and international risk sharing," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 55-70, March.
    3. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2011. "On international risk sharing and financial globalization: some gloomy evidence," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0124, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    4. Aidan Corcoran, 2008. "International Financial Integration and Consumption Risk Sharing," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp241, IIIS.
    5. Michael Artis & Toshihiro Okubo, 2011. "The intranational business cycle in Japan," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(1), pages 111-133, January.
    6. repec:mtp:titles:0262037165 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar S. & Terrones, Marco E., 2009. "Does financial globalization promote risk sharing?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 258-270, July.
    8. Mathias Hoffmann & Thomas Nitschka, 2008. "Securitization of Mortgage Debt, Asset Prices and International Risk Sharing," IEW - Working Papers 376, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    9. Thomas Nitschka, 2008. "The Risk Premium on the Euro Area Market Portfolio: The Role of Real Estate," IEW - Working Papers 385, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    10. Fidora, Michael & Fratzscher, Marcel & Thimann, Christian, 2007. "Home bias in global bond and equity markets: The role of real exchange rate volatility," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 631-655, June.
    11. Agustin S. Benetrix, 2015. "International Risk Sharing and the Irish Economy," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 46(1), pages 29-49.
    12. Jarko Fidrmuc & Moritz Degler, 2018. "Temporal and Spatial Dependence of Inter-Regional Risk Sharing: Evidence from Russia," Working Papers 373, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    13. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2010. "Risk Sharing: A Long Run Issue?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 705-730, November.
    14. von Furstenberg, George M., 2004. "Consumption Smoothing Across States and Time: International Insurance vs. Foreign Loans," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2004,13, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    15. repec:hae:wpaper:2013-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Thierry Bracke & Martin Schmitz, 2011. "Channels of international risk-sharing: capital gains versus income flows," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 45-78, April.
    17. Stefan Gerlach & Mathias Hoffmann, 2008. "The Impact of the Euro on International Stability and Volatility," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 309, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    18. Pierucci, Eleonora & Ventura, Luigi, 2012. "International risk sharing and globalization," MPRA Paper 35869, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Kim, Heeho & Cho, Seong-Hoon & Kim, Yongku, 2015. "Home bias, risk differential, and cultural spatial spillover effects," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 114-136.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption Risk Sharing; International and regional business cycles; Capital flows; Home Bias; Non-stationary panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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