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The Home Bias and Capital Income Flows between Countries and Regions

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  • Michael J. Artis
  • Mathias Hoffmann

Abstract

This paper documents a marked increase in international consumption risk sharing throughout the recent globalization period. Unlike earlier studies that have found it difficult to document a consistent effect of financial globalization on international consumption comovements, we make use of the information implicit in the relative levels of consumption and output to measure long-run risk sharing among OECD countries and US federal states. We derive our empirical setup from a deliberately simplistic model in which countries can trade perpetual claims to each other's output (Shiller securities). Our framework allows us to distinguish between two channels of risk sharing: ex ante diversification that leads to income smoothing through capital income flows and ex-post consumption smoothing through savings and dissavings. The model successfully replicates the patterns of income and consumption smoothing observed in both U.S. state-level and international data. The increase in international consumption risk sharing is closely associated with the decline in international portfolio home bias. While capital income flows remain relatively limited as a channel of risk sharing at business cycle frequencies, we find that better international portfolio diversification has led to a considerable increase in capital income flows at medium and long horizons.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael J. Artis & Mathias Hoffmann, 2007. "The Home Bias and Capital Income Flows between Countries and Regions," IEW - Working Papers 316, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:316
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    9. Michael J. Artis & Mathias Hoffmann, 2008. "Financial Globalization, International Business Cycles and Consumption Risk Sharing," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 110(3), pages 447-471, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Artis & Toshihiro Okubo, 2008. "The Intranational Business Cycle: Evidence from Japan," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 101, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    2. repec:mtp:titles:0262037165 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Agustin S. Benetrix, 2015. "International Risk Sharing and the Irish Economy," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 46(1), pages 29-49.
    4. Michael Artis & Toshihiro Okubo, 2011. "The intranational business cycle in Japan," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(1), pages 111-133, January.
    5. von Furstenberg, George M., 2004. "Consumption Smoothing Across States and Time: International Insurance vs. Foreign Loans," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2004,13, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    6. Thierry Bracke & Martin Schmitz, 2011. "Channels of international risk-sharing: capital gains versus income flows," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 45-78, April.
    7. Pierucci, Eleonora & Ventura, Luigi, 2012. "International risk sharing and globalization," MPRA Paper 35869, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Mathias Hoffmann & Thomas Nitschka, 2008. "Securitization of Mortgage Debt, Asset Prices and International Risk Sharing," IEW - Working Papers 376, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    9. Peter Fuleky & L Ventura & Qianxue Zhao, 2013. "Common correlated effects and international risk sharing," Working Papers 201304, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    10. Kim, Heeho & Cho, Seong-Hoon & Kim, Yongku, 2015. "Home bias, risk differential, and cultural spatial spillover effects," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 114-136.
    11. Aidan Corcoran, 2008. "International Financial Integration and Consumption Risk Sharing," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp241, IIIS.
    12. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar S. & Terrones, Marco E., 2009. "Does financial globalization promote risk sharing?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2), pages 258-270, July.
    13. Fidora, Michael & Fratzscher, Marcel & Thimann, Christian, 2007. "Home bias in global bond and equity markets: The role of real exchange rate volatility," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 631-655, June.
    14. repec:hae:wpaper:2013-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Stefan Gerlach & Mathias Hoffmann, 2008. "The Impact of the Euro on International Stability and Volatility," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 309, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    16. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2011. "On international risk sharing and financial globalization: some gloomy evidence," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0124, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    17. Thomas Nitschka, 2008. "The Risk Premium on the Euro Area Market Portfolio: The Role of Real Estate," IEW - Working Papers 385, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    18. Eleonora Pierucci & Luigi Ventura, 2010. "Risk Sharing: A Long Run Issue?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 705-730, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption Risk Sharing; International and regional business cycles; Capital flows; Home Bias; Non-stationary panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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