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Trade Effects of Export Taxes

Export taxes usage has recently risen. They are widely presumed to affect trade, but the lack of data has prevented a systematic evaluation of their trade effects. Based on a new dataset of tax rates at the product level, this paper estimates the distortionary trade effects of export taxes. The results, which are based on theory-consistent estimation of a structural gravity model, indicate that the elasticity of trade quantities to tax is -1.8 on average, rising to -5.5 for extractive sectors. The effects are driven by homogeneous goods. The results suggest that the burden of export taxes is shared by exporters and importers and that export taxes play a role in the rise of world prices.

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Paper provided by Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International Studies in its series IHEID Working Papers with number 08-2013.

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Length: 33 pages
Date of creation: 08 Apr 2013
Date of revision: 08 Apr 2013
Handle: RePEc:gii:giihei:heidwp08-2013
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