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Incomplete Specialization and Trade in Parts and Components

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  • Richard Frensch

    ()

  • Jan Hanousek

    ()

  • Ev??en Ko??enda

    ()

Abstract

Within a higher-dimensional incomplete specialization Heckscher-Ohlin framework, we first develop a gravity model that views bilateral gravity equations as statistical relationships constrained on countries??? multilateral specialization patterns. Second, we test our model empirically by using a uniquely detailed and large European data set. We show that trade in the parts and components of capital goods is driven by supply-side country differences relative to the rest of the world, compatible with models of incomplete specialization and trade. We take our results as evidence of the existence of international production networks in Europe, driven by trade-offs between wages and coordination costs.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Frensch & Jan Hanousek & Ev??en Ko??enda, 2013. "Incomplete Specialization and Trade in Parts and Components," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1044, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  • Handle: RePEc:wdi:papers:2013-1044
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Richard Frensch & Jan Hanousek & Evžen Kočenda, 2012. "Specialization, gravity, and European trade in final goods," Working Papers 320, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    2. Mathilde MAUREL & Hugo LAPEYRONIE & Bogdan MEUNIER, 2016. "Impact of hard and soft infrastructure: Evidence from the EU partners, North Africa and CEECs," Working Papers P148, FERDI.
    3. Richard Frensch & Roman Horváth & Stephan Huber, 2016. "Trade Patterns and Endogenous Institutions: Global Evidence," Working Papers 358, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    4. Hanousek, Jan & Kočenda, Evžen, 2014. "Factors of trade in Europe," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 38(4), pages 518-535.
    5. repec:taf:specan:v:11:y:2016:i:4:p:392-412 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Sandrine Noblet & Antoine Belgodere, 2016. "Coordination Costs and the Geography of Production," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4), pages 392-412, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International trade; gravity model; offshoring; panel data; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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