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A Tale of Two Sectors : Why is Misallocation Higher in Services than in Manufacturing?

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Abstract

Recent empirical studies document that the level of resource misallocation in the service sector is significantly higher than in the manufacturing sector. We quantify the importance of this difference and study its sources. Conservative estimates for Portugal (2008) show that closing this gap, by reducing misallocation in the service sector to manufacturing levels, would boost aggregate gross output by around 12 percent and aggregate value added by around 31 percent. Differences in the effect and size of productivity shocks explain most of the gap in misallocation between manufacturing and services, while the remainder is explained by differences in firm productivity and age distribution. We interpret these results as stemming mainly from higher output-price rigidity, higher labor adjustment costs, and higher informality in the service sector.

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  • Daniel A. Dias & Carlos Robalo Marques & Christine Richmond, 2018. "A Tale of Two Sectors : Why is Misallocation Higher in Services than in Manufacturing?," International Finance Discussion Papers 1229, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgif:1229
    DOI: 10.17016/IFDP.2018.1229
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    3. Christian Saborowski & Florian Misch, 2018. "Resource Misallocation and Productivity: Evidence from Mexico," IMF Working Papers 2018/112, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Laura Blattner & Luisa Farinha & Francisca Rebelo, 2017. "When Losses Turn Into Loans: The Cost of Undercapitalized Banks," 2017 Papers pbl215, Job Market Papers.
    5. Jeremy Kronick & Steve Ambler, 2019. "Do demographics affect monetary policy transmission in Canada?," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(2), pages 787-811, April.
    6. Alimov, Behzod, 2019. "Private debt, public debt, and capital misallocation," IWH-CompNet Discussion Papers 7/2019, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    7. Ranasinghe, Ashantha, 2020. "Misallocation across Establishment Gender," Working Papers 2020-2, University of Alberta, Department of Economics.
    8. Konstantins Benkovskis, 2018. "Misallocation, productivity and fragmentation of production: the case of Latvia," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 187-206, June.
    9. Bańbura, Marta & Albani, Maria & Ambrocio, Gene & Bursian, Dirk & Buss, Ginters & de Winter, Jasper & Gavura, Miroslav & Giordano, Claire & Júlio, Paulo & Le Roux, Julien & Lozej, Matija & Malthe-Thag, 2018. "Business investment in EU countries," Occasional Paper Series 215, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Misallocation; Productivity; Firm-level data; Structural transformation; Gelbach decomposition;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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