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The Role of Allocative Efficiency in A Decade of Recovery

  • Kaiji Chen

    (Emory University)

The Chilean economy experienced a decade of sustained growth in aggregate output and productivity after the 1982 financial crisis. This paper analyzes the role of resource allocative efficiency on total factor productivity (TFP) of the manufacturing sector by applying the methodology of Hsieh and Klenow (2009) to the establishment data from the Chilean manufacturing census. We find that a reduction in resource misallocation accounts for about 46 percent of the growth in manufacturing TFP between 1983 and 1996. The improvement in allocative efficiency, moreover, is essentially driven by a reduction in the cross-sectional dispersion of output distortion. In particular, a reduction in the least productive plants' output subsidies is the most important reason for the reduction in resource misallocation during this period.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2013 Meeting Papers with number 886.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:886
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