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Promoting Employment of Disabled Women in Spain; Evaluating a Policy

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  • Judit Vall Castello

Abstract

The Social Security system is Spain provides four different types of permanente disability pensions which are granted according to the severity of the disabling condition and the remaining capacity to work that is left for these individuals. Therefore, the system is designed to allow for a certain part of the disabled individuals to work while receiving the disability pension. However, the majority of these individuals do not effectively work and employment rates for this group of people have remained very low since 1996. The aim of this research is to evaluate the results of an employment promotion policy introduced in 2004 which increased the deductions of the Social Security contributions paid by employers that hire disabled women. In order to do that we first analyze employment rates of disabled individuals in Spain from 1996 until 2007 followed by the estimation of a bivariate probit model to evaluate the existence of shifts in employment trends in the women relative to the men sample conditioning on the existence of preexisting trends. We find that the increase in the deductions of the Social Security contributions resulted in rises in employment rates for disabled women with respect to disabled men.

Suggested Citation

  • Judit Vall Castello, 2010. "Promoting Employment of Disabled Women in Spain; Evaluating a Policy," Working Papers 2010-10, FEDEA.
  • Handle: RePEc:fda:fdaddt:2010-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mary Thuo & Alexandra Bell & Boris Bravo-Ureta & Michée Lachaud & David Okello & Evelyn Okoko & Nelson Kidula & Carl Deom & Naveen Puppala, 2014. "Effects of social network factors on information acquisition and adoption of improved groundnut varieties: the case of Uganda and Kenya," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 31(3), pages 339-353, September.
    2. Silva, José I. & Vall-Castello, Judit, 2012. "Why Are So Many Disabled Individuals Not Working in Spain? A Job Search Approach," IZA Discussion Papers 6317, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Thomas Barnay, 2016. "Health, work and working conditions: a review of the European economic literature," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 17(6), pages 693-709, July.
    4. Marie, Olivier & Vall Castello, Judit, 2012. "Measuring the (income) effect of disability insurance generosity on labour market participation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 198-210.
    5. Pilar García-Gómez & Sergi Jiménez-Martín & Judit Vall Castelló, 2014. "Financial Incentives, Health, and Retirement in Spain," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement, pages 455-495 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. repec:spr:series:v:8:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s13209-017-0154-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sergi JimeÌ nez-MartiÌ n & Arnau Juanmarti Mestres & Judit Vall Castello, 2017. "Hiring subsidies for people with disabilities: Do they work?," Policy Papers 2017-11, FEDEA.
    8. repec:eee:labeco:v:48:y:2017:i:c:p:23-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Thomas Barnay & Emmanuel Duguet & Christine Le Clainche & Yann Videau, 2016. "An evaluation of the 1987 French Disabled Workers Act: Better paying than hiring," Working Papers hal-01292132, HAL.
    10. Begoña Cueto & Miguel A. Malo, 2016. "Do Partial Disability Pensions Close the Earnings Gap?," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 216(1), pages 103-126, March.
    11. Eva Frutos & Judit Castello, 2015. "Equal health, equal work? The role of disability benefits in employment after controlling for health status," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer;Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gesundheitsökonomie (DGGÖ), vol. 16(3), pages 329-340, April.
    12. Jose I. Silva & Judit Vall-Castello, 2013. "Partial Disability System and Labor Market Adjustment: The Case of Spain," Upjohn Working Papers and Journal Articles 13-201, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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