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Financial Shocks and Firm Exports: A natural experiment approach with a massive earthquake

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  • MIYAKAWA Daisuke
  • HOSONO Kaoru
  • UCHINO Taisuke
  • ONO Arito
  • UCHIDA Hirofumi
  • UESUGI Iichiro

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of financial shocks on firms' exports. To circumvent endogeneity problems, we utilize the natural experiment provided by the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in 1995. Using a unique firm-level dataset, we single out the effect of exogenous financial shocks on firms' exports by focusing on exports of firms that were not directly damaged by the earthquake but that transacted with damaged banks as their main banks. Our main findings are twofold. First, as for the extensive margins of exports, the probabilities of starting exports or of expanding export destination areas were smaller for undamaged firms that transacted with a damaged main bank than for that transacted with an undamaged main bank. Second, as for the intensive margins of exports, undamaged firms that transacted with a damaged main bank had a lower export-to-sales ratio than that transacted with an undamaged main bank. These findings lend support to the existence of the financial constraint on firm exports.

Suggested Citation

  • MIYAKAWA Daisuke & HOSONO Kaoru & UCHINO Taisuke & ONO Arito & UCHIDA Hirofumi & UESUGI Iichiro, 2014. "Financial Shocks and Firm Exports: A natural experiment approach with a massive earthquake," Discussion papers 14010, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:14010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Uchida, Hirofumi & Miyakawa, Daisuke & Hosono, Kaoru & Ono, Arito & Uchino, Taisuke & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2015. "Financial shocks, bankruptcy, and natural selection," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 123-135.
    2. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Matsuura, Toshiyuki & Okubo, Fumihiro, 2015. "Firm-level impacts of natural disasters on production networks: Evidence from a flood in Thailand," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 244-259.
    3. Ono, Arito & Miyakawa, Daisuke & Hosono, Kaoru & Uchida, Hirofumi & Uchino, Taisuke & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2014. "Transaction Partners and Firm Relocation Choice: Evidence from the Tohoku Earthquake," HIT-REFINED Working Paper Series 11, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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