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Cross-border banking and the international transmission of financial distress during the crisis of 2007-2008

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  • Popov, Alexander
  • Udell, Gregory F.

Abstract

We study the effect of financial distress in foreign parent banks on local SME financing in 14 central and eastern European countries during the early stages of the 2007-2008 financial crisis. We use survey data on applicant and non-applicant firms that enable us to disentangle effects driven by shocks to the banking system from recession-driven demand shocks that may vary across lenders. We find strong evidence that credit tightened in the relatively early stages of the crises caused by the following types of bank financial distress: 1) low equity ratio; 2) low Tier 1 capital ratio; and 3) losses on financial assets. We also find that foreign banks transmit to Main Street a larger portion of similar financial shocks than domestic banks. The observed decline in credit is greater among high-risk firms and firms with fewer tangible assets. JEL Classification: E44, E51, F34, G21

Suggested Citation

  • Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2010. "Cross-border banking and the international transmission of financial distress during the crisis of 2007-2008," Working Paper Series 1203, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20101203
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:ntu:ntugeo:vol5-iss1-17-118 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Chakravarty, Sugato & Xiang, Meifang, 2013. "The international evidence on discouraged small businesses," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 63-82.
    3. Xu, Ying & La, Hai Anh, 2015. "Foreign banks and international shock transmission: Does bank ownership still matter?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 200-216.
    4. Silvia Del Prete & Marcello Pagnini & Paola Rossi & Valerio Vacca, 2017. "Lending organization and credit supply during the 2008-09 crisis," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1108, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    5. Betz, Frank & Ravasan, Farshad R., 2016. "Collateral regimes and missing job creation in the MENA region," EIB Working Papers 2016/03, European Investment Bank (EIB).
    6. Alberto Manelli & Oscar Domenichelli & Martina Vallesi, 2014. "Learning from the financial crisis to achieve a sustainable agricultural system," RIVISTA DI STUDI SULLA SOSTENIBILITA', FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2014(1), pages 45-77.
    7. Bertay, A.C., 2014. "The Transmission of Real Estate Shocks Through Multinational Banks," Discussion Paper 2014-011, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    8. Brunella Bruno & Immacolata Marino, 2017. "Bad loans and resource allocation in crisis years: Evidence from European banks," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1752, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    9. Bruno, Brunella & D'Onofrio, Alexandra & Marino, Immacolata, 2017. "Determinants of bank lending in Europe and the United States: Evidence from crisis and post-crisis years," CEPR Discussion Papers 12002, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Degryse, Hans & Havrylchyk, Olena & Jurzyk, Emilia & Kozak, Sylwester, 2012. "Foreign bank entry, credit allocation and lending rates in emerging markets: Empirical evidence from Poland," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(11), pages 2949-2959.
    11. Angelica Stratulat & Monica Susanu, 2016. "The Governance of the Operational Risk Indicators," Risk in Contemporary Economy, "Dunarea de Jos" University of Galati, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, pages 341-351.
    12. Dorothée Rouzet & Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås & Frederic Gonzales & Massimo Geloso Grosso & Iza Lejárraga & Sébastien Miroudot & Asako Ueno, 2014. "Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Financial Services," OECD Trade Policy Papers 175, OECD Publishing.
    13. Hirofumi Uchida, 2011. "What Do Banks Evaluate When They Screen Borrowers? Soft Information, Hard Information and Collateral," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 40(1), pages 29-48, October.
    14. Dekle, Robert & Lee, Mihye, 2015. "Do foreign bank affiliates cut their lending more than the domestic banks in a financial crisis?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 16-32.
    15. Rehbein, Oliver, 2018. "Flooded through the back door: Firm-level effects of banks' lending shifts," IWH Discussion Papers 4/2018, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    16. Chouchène, Mabrouk & Ftiti, Zied & Khiari, Wided, 2017. "Bank-to-bank lending channel and the transmission of bank liquidity shocks: Evidence from France," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 940-950.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bank lending channel; business lending; credit crunch; financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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