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Access to credit, natural disasters, and relationship lending

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  • Berg, Gunhild
  • Schrader, Jan

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effect of unpredictable aggregate shocks on loan demand and access to credit by combining client-level information from an Ecuadorian microfinance institution with geophysical data on natural disasters, more specifically volcanic eruptions. The results of this ‘natural experiment’ show that while credit demand increases due to volcanic activity, access to credit is restricted. Yet, we also find that bank-borrower relationships can lower these lending restrictions and that clients who are known to the institution are about equally likely to receive loans after volcanic eruptions occurred.

Suggested Citation

  • Berg, Gunhild & Schrader, Jan, 2012. "Access to credit, natural disasters, and relationship lending," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 21(4), pages 549-568.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinin:v:21:y:2012:i:4:p:549-568 DOI: 10.1016/j.jfi.2012.05.003
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    Cited by:

    1. MIYAKAWA Daisuke & HOSONO Kaoru & UCHINO Taisuke & ONO Arito & UCHIDA Hirofumi & UESUGI Iichiro, 2014. "Financial Shocks and Firm Exports: A natural experiment approach with a massive earthquake," Discussion papers 14010, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Uchida, Hirofumi & Miyakawa, Daisuke & Hosono, Kaoru & Ono, Arito & Uchino, Taisuke & Uesugi, Iichiro, 2015. "Financial shocks, bankruptcy, and natural selection," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 123-135.
    3. Marko Petrovic & Andrea Teglio & Simone Alfarano, 2016. "The role of bank credit allocation: Evidence from the Spanish economy," Working Papers 2016/17, Economics Department, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón (Spain).
    4. Berg, Gunhild & Kirschenmann, Karolin, 2012. "Funding vs. real economy shock : the impact of the 2007-2009 crisis on small firms'credit availability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6030, The World Bank.
    5. Hayato Kato & Toshihiro Okubo, 2017. "The Impact of a Natural Disaster on Foreign Direct Investment and Vertical Linkages," Keio-IES Discussion Paper Series 2017-018, Institute for Economics Studies, Keio University.
    6. Kaoru Hosono & Daisuke Miyakawa & Taisuke Uchino & Makoto Hazama & Arito Ono & Hirofumi Uchida & Iichiro Uesugi, 2016. "Natural Disasters, Damage To Banks, And Firm Investment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 57, pages 1335-1370, November.
    7. Koetter, Michael & Noth, Felix & Rehbein, Oliver, 2016. "Borrowers under water! Rare disasters, regional banks, and recovery lending," IWH Discussion Papers 31/2016, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    8. Rajhi, Wassim & Albuquerque, Pedro H., 2017. "Banking stability, natural disasters, and political conflicts: Time series evidence on causality in developing countries," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-52, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    9. Noth, Felix & Schüwer, Ulrich, 2017. "Natural disasters and bank stability: Evidence from the U.S. financial system," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168263, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    10. Giulia Bettin & Alberto Zazzaro, 2016. "The Impact of Natural Disasters on Remittances to Low- and Middle-income Countries," CSEF Working Papers 431, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    11. Tsuruta, Daisuke, 2016. "No lending relationships and liquidity management of small businesses during a financial shock," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 31-46.
    12. repec:eco:journ2:2017-03-42 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:eee:jfinec:v:125:y:2017:i:1:p:182-199 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Chavaz, Matthieu, 2016. "Dis-integrating credit markets: diversification, securitization, and lending in a recovery," Bank of England working papers 617, Bank of England.
    15. Noth, Felix & Schüwer, Ulrich, 2017. "Natural disaster and bank stability: Evidence from the U.S. financial system," SAFE Working Paper Series 167, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    16. Klomp, Jeroen, 2014. "Financial fragility and natural disasters: An empirical analysis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 13(C), pages 180-192.
    17. Benjamin L. Collier & Andrew F. Haughwout & Howard C. Kunreuther & Erwann O. Michel-Kerjan & Michael A. Stewart, 2016. "Firms’ Management of Infrequent Shocks," NBER Working Papers 22612, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    18. Hering, Imke & Musshoff, Oliver, 2015. "Dynamic Incentives in Microfinance – What about the Farmers?," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 204673, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association;Western Agricultural Economics Association.
    19. Noth, Felix & Rehbein, Oliver, 2017. "Badly hurt? Natural disasters and direct firm effects," IWH Discussion Papers 25/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).

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