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Mortgage debt and entrepreneurship

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  • Bracke, Philippe
  • Hilber, Christian A. L.
  • Silva, Olmo

Abstract

We study the link between mortgage debt and entrepreneurship using a model of occupational choice and housing tenure in a setting where loans are recourse|like in the UK and several US states. Our model shows that as long as the mortgage interest rate exceeds the risk-free rate: (i) mortgage debt diminishes the likelihood of entrepreneurship by amplifying risk aversion; and (ii) the negative relation between mortgage debt and entrepreneurship increases with income volatility. Our model also shows that the link between housing equity and entrepreneurship is ambiguously signed because of competing portfolio and wealth effects. We use the British Household Panel Survey to test and confirm the model predictions, and deal with unobservable heterogeneity employing three research designs | individual fixed effects, housing-spell fixed effects, and instrumental variables. A one standard deviation increase in leverage reduces the probability of entrepreneurship by 10-20 percent

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  • Bracke, Philippe & Hilber, Christian A. L. & Silva, Olmo, 2018. "Mortgage debt and entrepreneurship," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 84703, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:84703
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    Cited by:

    1. Bracke, Philippe & Hilber, Christian A.L. & Silva, Olmo, 2018. "Mortgage debt and entrepreneurship," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 52-66.
    2. Saleem Bahaj & Angus Foulis & Gabor Pinter, 2017. "Home Values and Firm Behaviour," Discussion Papers 1724, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
    3. repec:col:000180:015905 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • N0 - Economic History - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

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