IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/nbr/nberwo/19680.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Housing Collateral and Entrepreneurship

Author

Listed:
  • Martin C. Schmalz
  • David A. Sraer
  • David Thesmar

Abstract

This paper shows that collateral constraints restrict entrepreneurial activity. Our empirical strategy uses variations in local house prices as shocks to the value of collateral available to individuals owning a house and controls for local demand shocks by comparing entrepreneurial activity of homeowners and renters operating in the same region. We find that an increase in collateral value leads to a higher probability of becoming an entrepreneur. Conditional on entry, entrepreneurs with access to more valuable collateral create larger firms and more value added, and are more likely to survive, even in the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin C. Schmalz & David A. Sraer & David Thesmar, 2013. "Housing Collateral and Entrepreneurship," NBER Working Papers 19680, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19680
    Note: CF PR
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w19680.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ben S. Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1986. "Agency costs, collateral, and business fluctuations," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    2. Erik Hurst & Benjamin Wild Pugsley, 2011. "What Do Small Businesses Do?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(2 (Fall)), pages 73-142.
    3. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Joulfaian, David & Rosen, Harvey S, 1994. "Sticking It Out: Entrepreneurial Survival and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(1), pages 53-75, February.
    4. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-827, August.
    5. repec:fth:prinin:319 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Benjamin Moll, 2014. "Productivity Losses from Financial Frictions: Can Self-Financing Undo Capital Misallocation?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(10), pages 3186-3221, October.
    7. Adelino, Manuel & Schoar, Antoinette & Severino, Felipe, 2015. "House prices, collateral, and self-employment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(2), pages 288-306.
    8. Sandra E. Black & Philip E. Strahan, 2002. "Entrepreneurship and Bank Credit Availability," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 57(6), pages 2807-2833, December.
    9. Steffen Andersen & Kasper Meisner Nielsen, 2012. "Ability or Finances as Constraints on Entrepreneurship? Evidence from Survival Rates in a Natural Experiment," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 25(12), pages 3684-3710.
    10. Gan, Jie, 2007. "Collateral, debt capacity, and corporate investment: Evidence from a natural experiment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(3), pages 709-734, September.
    11. Augustin Landier & David Thesmar, 2009. "Financial Contracting with Optimistic Entrepreneurs," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(1), pages 117-150, January.
    12. Black, Jane & de Meza, David & Jeffreys, David, 1996. "House Price, the Supply of Collateral and the Enterprise Economy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(434), pages 60-75, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Johan Hombert & Antoinette Schoar & David Sraer & David Thesmar, 2016. "Does Unemployment Insurance Change the Selection into Entrepreneurship?," NBER Chapters,in: Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges, pages 351-369 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Florian LEON, 2018. "Long-Term Finance and Entrepreneurship," CREA Discussion Paper Series 18-01, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
    3. Laerkholm Jensen, Thais & Leth-Petersen, Søren & Nanda, Ramana, 2014. "Housing Collateral, Credit Constraints and Entrepreneurship - Evidence from a Mortgage Reform," CEPR Discussion Papers 10260, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Manuel Adelino & Song Ma & David T. Robinson, 2014. "Firm Age, Investment Opportunities, and Job Creation," NBER Working Papers 19845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Michael S. Dahl & Mirjam van Praag & Peter Thompson, 2014. "Entrepreneurial Couples," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 14-055/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Adelino, Manuel & Schoar, Antoinette & Severino, Felipe, 2015. "House prices, collateral, and self-employment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 117(2), pages 288-306.
    7. Hombert, Johan & Schoar, Antoinette S & Sraer, David & Thesmar, David, 2014. "Can Unemployment Insurance Spur Entrepreneurial Activity?," CEPR Discussion Papers 10294, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & Ramana Nanda, 2015. "House Money and Entrepreneurship," Harvard Business School Working Papers 15-069, Harvard Business School.
    9. Ramana Nanda, 2016. "Financing high-potential entrepreneurship," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 252-252, April.
    10. Dmitriy Sergeyev & Neil Mehrotra, 2015. "Financial Shocks and Job Flows," 2015 Meeting Papers 520, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    11. repec:red:issued:15-316 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Hamed Ghiaie, 2018. "Shadow Bank run: The Story of a Recession," THEMA Working Papers 2018-01, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    13. Arthur B. Kennickell & Myron L. Kwast & Jonathan Pogach, 2016. "Small Businesses and Small Business Finance during the Financial Crisis and the Great Recession: New Evidence from the Survey of Consumer Finances," NBER Chapters,in: Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges, pages 291-349 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Thais Laerkholm Jensen & Søren Leth-Petersen & Ramana Nanda, 2014. "Home Equity Finance and Entrepreneurial Performance - Evidence from a Mortgage Reform," Harvard Business School Working Papers 15-020, Harvard Business School, revised Sep 2015.
    15. Kennickell, Arthur B. & Kwast, Myron L. & Pogach, Jonathan, 2015. "Small Businesses and Small Business Finance during the Financial Crisis and the Great Recession: New Evidence From the Survey of Consumer Finances," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-39, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    16. Remco Mocking & Benedikt Vogt & Wolter Hassink, 2017. "Collateral Damage? Decreasing House Prices and Entrepreneurial Lending," CPB Discussion Paper 351, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G3 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19680. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: () or (Joanne Lustig). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/nberrus.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.