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Distribution Capital and the Short- and Long-run Import Demand Elasticity

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  • Mario J. Crucini
  • J. Scott Davis

Abstract

International business-cycle models assume that home and foreign goods are poor substitutes. International trade models assume they are close substitutes. This paper constructs a model where this discrepancy is due to frictions in distribution. Imports need to be combined with a local non-traded input, distribution capital, which is slow to adjust. As a result, imported and domestic goods appear as poor substitutes in the short run. In the long run this non-traded input can be reallocated, and quantities can shift following a change in relative prices. Thus the observed substitutability between home and foreign goods gets larger as time passes.

Suggested Citation

  • Mario J. Crucini & J. Scott Davis, 2013. "Distribution Capital and the Short- and Long-run Import Demand Elasticity," CAMA Working Papers 2013-56, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:een:camaaa:2013-56
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    Cited by:

    1. Corsetti, G. & Mavroeidi, E. & Thwaites, G. & Wolf, M., 2016. "Step away from the zero lower bound: Small open economies in a world of secular stagnation," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1645, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    2. James E. Anderson & Yoto V. Yotov, 2017. "Short Run Gravity," NBER Working Papers 23458, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2016. "Comments on “Obstfeld and Rogoff׳s international macro puzzles: a quantitative assessment” by J. Eaton, S. Kortum and B. Neiman," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 24-28.
    4. repec:fip:feddgm:00014 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Baumann, Ursel & Dieppe, Alistair & Dizioli, Allan Gloe, 2017. "Why should the world care? Analysis, mechanisms and spillovers of the destination based border adjusted tax," Working Paper Series 2093, European Central Bank.
    6. Nikhil Patel, 2016. "International Trade Finance and the Cost Channel of Monetary Policy in Open Economies," BIS Working Papers 539, Bank for International Settlements.
    7. Raphael Auer & Thomas Chaney & Philip Sauré, 2012. "Quality pricing-to-market," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 125, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    8. Yilmazkuday, Hakan, 2017. "Unifying Macro Elasticities in International Economics," Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute Working Paper 299, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    9. Michael Bleaney & Mo Tian, 2014. "Exchange Rates and Trade Balance Adjustment: A Multi-Country Empirical Analysis," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 25(4), pages 655-675, September.

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    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles

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