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Lobbying, Corruption and Other Banes

  • Nauro F. Campos

    ()

  • Francesco Giovannoni

    ()

Although the theoretical literature often uses lobbying and corruption synonymously, the empirical literature associates lobbying with the preferred mean for exerting influence in developed countries and corruption with the preferred one in developing countries. This paper challenges these views. Based on whether influence is sought with rule-makers or rule-enforcers, we develop a conceptual framework that highlights how political institutions are instrumental in defining the choice between bribing and lobbying. We test our predictions using survey data for about 6000 firms in 26 countries. Our results suggest that (a) lobbying and coruption are fundamentally different, (b) political institutions play a major role in explaining whether firms choose bribing or lobbying, (c) lobbying is more effective then corruption as an instrument of political influence, and (d) lobbying is more powerful than corruption as an explanatory factor for enterprise growth, even in poorer, often seen as highly corrupt, less developed countries.

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File URL: http://www.brunel.ac.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/342716/CEDI_08-16.pdf
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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Development and Institutions(CEDI), Brunel University in its series CEDI Discussion Paper Series with number 08-16.

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Length: 45 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:edb:cedidp:08-16
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