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The impact of monetary policy and exchange rate shocks in Poland: evidence from a time-varying VAR

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  • Arratibel, Olga
  • Michaelis, Henrike

Abstract

This paper follows the Bayesian time-varying VAR approach with stochastic volatility developed by Primiceri (2005), to analyse whether the reaction of output and prices to interest rate and exchange rate shocks has changed across time (1996-2012) in the Polish economy. The empirical findings show that: (1) output appears more responsive to an interest rate shock at the beginning of our sample. Since 2000, absorbing this shock has become less costly in terms of output, notwithstanding some reversal since the beginning of the global financial crisis. The exchange rate shock also has a time-varying effect on output. From 1996 to 2000, output seems to decline, whereas for periods between 2000 and 2008 it has a positive significant effect. (2) Consumer prices appear more responsive to an interest rate shock during the first half of our sample, when Poland experienced high inflation. The impact of an exchange rate shock on prices seems to slightly decrease across time. JEL Classification: C30, E44, E52, F41

Suggested Citation

  • Arratibel, Olga & Michaelis, Henrike, 2014. "The impact of monetary policy and exchange rate shocks in Poland: evidence from a time-varying VAR," Working Paper Series 1636, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20141636
    Note: 337289
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    2. Dąbrowski, Marek A. & Papież, Monika & Śmiech, Sławomir, 2021. "Output volatility and exchange rates: New evidence from the updated de facto exchange rate regime classifications," MPRA Paper 107133, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Marek A. Dąbrowski & Łukasz Kwiatkowski & Justyna Wróblewska, 2020. "Sources of Real Exchange Rate Variability in Central and Eastern European Countries: Evidence from Structural Bayesian MSH-VAR Models," Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, Central European Journal of Economic Modelling and Econometrics, vol. 12(4), pages 369-412, December.
    4. Svitlana Maksymenko, 2015. "The Cost of Euro Adoption in Poland," Working Paper 5779, Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh.
    5. Małgorzata Skibińska, 2018. "Transmission of monetary policy and exchange rate shocks under foreign currency lending," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(4), pages 506-525, July.
    6. Ulrichs Magdalena, 2018. "Identification of Financial and Macroeconomic Shocks in a Var Model of the Polish Economy. A Stability Analysis," Economics and Business Review, Sciendo, vol. 4(1), pages 29-43, April.
    7. Mihály Hajnal & György Molnár & Judit Várhegyi, 2015. "Exchange rate pass - through after the crisis: the Hungarian experience," MNB Occasional Papers 2015/121, Magyar Nemzeti Bank (Central Bank of Hungary).
    8. Tunç, Cengiz, 2017. "A Survey on Exchange Rate Pass through in Emerging Markets," Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis, BETA Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 205-233, July-Sept.
    9. António Afonso & Jorge Silva, 2019. "Effects of euro area monetary policy on institutional sectors: the case of Portugal," Cuadernos de Economía - Spanish Journal of Economics and Finance, Asociación Cuadernos de Economía, vol. 42(120), pages 219-236, Diciembre.
    10. Vujanić Vlado & Gligorić Dragan & Žarković Nikola, 2019. "The Contribution of Monetary Policy to Mitigating the Consequences of the World Economic Crisis in Poland," Economic Themes, Sciendo, vol. 57(3), pages 329-350, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bayesian time-varying parameter VAR; exchange rate pass-through; monetary policy transmission;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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