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Einkommensmessungen in Haushaltspanelstudien für Deutschland: ein Vergleich von EU-SILC und SOEP

Author

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  • Joachim R. Frick
  • Kristina Krell

Abstract

Analysen zu Einkommensungleichheit, Armut und Mobilität in Deutschland basieren überwiegend auf den Mikrodaten der amtlichen deutschen Stichprobe der European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) und des wissenschaftsgetragenen Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP). Dabei kommt den EU-SILC-Daten neben ihrer Relevanz für die nationale Berichterstattung eine große internationale Bedeutung zu für die EU-weit vergleichende Erfassung, Beschreibung und Analyse des von der Europäischen Kommission spezifizierten Ziels der Armutsbekämpfung und Minderung der sozialen Ungleichheit im Rahmen des sozialen Kohäsionsprozesses in Europa. Insofern ist es nahe liegend, den deutschen Beitrag zu EU-SILC einer intensiven Qualitätsprüfung zu unterziehen; zumal es in der Literatur (vgl. Hauser 2007, Causa et al. 2009, Nolan et al. 2009) deutliche Hinweise auf Probleme dieser noch jungen Erhebung bezüglich der Repräsentation bestimmter sozialer Gruppen und der Verteilung zentraler Bildungscharakteristika gibt, was einen nicht unerheblichen Einfluss auf Ausmaß und Struktur von Ungleichheit und Armut haben kann. Während in der Literatur auch die Querschnittsdaten der amtlichen Einkommens- und Verbrauchsstichprobe (EVS) in kritische Vergleiche einbezogen werden, konzentriert sich dieses Papier auf den Vergleich von EU-SILC-basierten Ergebnissen zu Ein-kommensentwicklung, Ungleichheit und Mobilität mit jenen auf Basis des SOEP als einer national und international viel genutzten alternativen Erhebung der sozio-oekonomischen Entwicklung privater Haushalte in Deutschland. Die dabei festgestellten, zum Teil gravierenden Unterschiede werden vor dem Hintergrund unterschiedlicher Erhebungs- und Befragungsmethoden bzw. Stichprobencharakteristika diskutiert, die einen großen Einfluss auf die inhaltlich motivierten Untersuchungsergebnisse und somit auf die Kernaussagen zur sozialen Situation Deutschlands im EU-weiten Vergleich haben.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim R. Frick & Kristina Krell, 2009. "Einkommensmessungen in Haushaltspanelstudien für Deutschland: ein Vergleich von EU-SILC und SOEP," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 237, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp237
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Frick, Joachim R. & Grabka, Markus M. & Groh-Samberg, Olaf, 2012. "The Impact of Home Production on Economic Inequality in Germany," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 1143-1169.
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    4. Orsetta Causa & Sophie Dantan & Åsa Johansson, 2009. "Intergenerational Social Mobility in European OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 709, OECD Publishing.
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    6. Atkinson, Tony & Cantillon, Bea & Marlier, Eric & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199253494.
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    8. Orsetta Causa & Åsa Johansson, 2009. "Intergenerational Social Mobility," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 707, OECD Publishing.
    9. Frick, Joachim R. & Goebel, Jan & Schechtman, Edna & Wagner, Gert G. & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 2006. "Using Analysis of Gini (ANOGI) for Detecting Whether Two Subsamples Represent the Same Universe: The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) Experience," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 427-468.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kampelmann, Stephan & Rycx, Francois, 2011. "Does Institutional Diversity Account for Pay Rules in Germany and Belgium?," IZA Discussion Papers 6010, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. François Rycx & Stephan Kampelmann, 2013. "Who Earns Minimum Wages in Europe? New Evidence Based on Household Surveys," DULBEA Working Papers 13-01, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inequality; poverty; mobility; household panel; Einkommensungleichheit; Armut; Mobilität; Haushaltspanel; EU-SILC; SOEP;

    JEL classification:

    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • C8 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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