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Indicators for Social Inclusion


  • Tony Atkinson
  • Bea Cantillon
  • Eric Marlier
  • Brian Nolan


The European Union adopted in December 2001 a set of common indicators for social inclusion. This paper describes the background to the adoption of the indicators, and the work undertaken as part of the Belgian Presidency. It sets out principles for the construction of social indicators for this purpose, emphasising their role as performance indicators: the concern is with "outputs" not "inputs". The principles apply to single indicators and to the portfolio of indicators as a whole. These principles influence the structure and presentation of indicators. We propose a three-tier approach: a small number of common lead indicators for the main fields that we believe should be covered, a larger number of (again common) secondary indicators providing greater detail, and a third level of indicators that Member States decide to include. Finally we discuss the process for taking forward the development of indicators for social inclusion.

Suggested Citation

  • Tony Atkinson & Bea Cantillon & Eric Marlier & Brian Nolan, 2002. "Indicators for Social Inclusion," Politica economica, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 7-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:je8794:doi:10.1429/1582:y:2002:i:1:p:7-28

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    Cited by:

    1. Tony Fahey, 2005. "The Case for an EU-wide Measure of Poverty," Papers WP169, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).
    2. Robert Oxoby, 2009. "Understanding social inclusion, social cohesion, and social capital," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(12), pages 1133-1152, October.
    3. Konde, Konde, 2016. "Analyse de la pauvreté multidimensionnelle en République Démocratique du Congo : une approche non monétaire par les capabilités
      [Analysis of multidimensional poverty in Democratic Republic of Congo
      ," MPRA Paper 74993, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Eldin Fahmy & David Gordon, 2005. "La pauvreté et l'exclusion sociale en Grande-Bretagne," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 383(1), pages 109-130.

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