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Measuring and Explaining Cross-Country Immigration Policies

Author

Listed:
  • Glenn Rayp

    () (Ghent University, SHERPPA)

  • Ilse Ruyssen

    () (Ghent University, SHERPPA and UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES))

  • Samuel Standaert

    () (Ghent University, SHERPPA)

Abstract

The intensified international migration pressures of the recent decades prompted many developed countries to revise their immigration regulations and increase border controls. However, the development of these reforms as well as their effectiveness in actually managing new immigration flows remains poorly understood. The main reason is that migration regulations are hard to quantify, which has prevented the construction of a universal measure of migration policy. To fill this gap in the literature, we construct an indicator of the restrictiveness of immigration entry policy across countries as well as a more comprehensive indicator of migration policy that also accounts for staying requirements and regulations to foster integration. These indexes are then used to disentangle the factors determining the toughness of migration regulations. Our empirical framework combines elements from the median voter and interest group approach and accounts for cross-country correlation in migration policies. We find strong evidence of spatial correlation in particular in entry restrictiveness, while the impact of economic determinants of migration policy remains much more modest.

Suggested Citation

  • Glenn Rayp & Ilse Ruyssen & Samuel Standaert, 2016. "Measuring and Explaining Cross-Country Immigration Policies," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2016015, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvir:2016015
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/IRES/2016015.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Immigration policy; Spatial dependence; State-space model; Bayesian inference;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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