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Comparing Immigration Policies: An Overview from the IMPALA Database

Author

Listed:
  • Michel Beine

    (Uni.lu - Université du Luxembourg)

  • Anna Boucher

    (The University of Sydney [Sydney])

  • Brian Burgoon

    (UvA - Universiteit van Amsterdam)

  • Mary Crock

    (The University of Sydney [Sydney])

  • Justin Gest

    (George Mason University [Fairfax])

  • Michael Hiscox

    (Harvard University [Cambridge])

  • Patrick Mcgovern

    (Department of Economics - LSE - London School of Economics and Political Science)

  • Hillel Rapoport

    (Bar-Ilan University [Israël], PSE - Paris School of Economics, CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Joep Schaper

    (UvA - Universiteit van Amsterdam)

  • Eiko Thielemann

    (Department of Economics - LSE - London School of Economics and Political Science)

Abstract

This paper introduces a method and preliminary findings from a database that systematically measures the character and stringency of immigration policies. Based on the selection of that data for nine countries between 1999 and 2008, we challenge the idea that any one country is systematically the most or least restrictive toward admissions. The data also reveal trends toward more complex and, often, more restrictive regulation since the 1990s, as well as differential treatment of groups, such as lower requirements for highly skilled than low-skilled labor migrants. These patterns illustrate the IMPALA data and methods but are also of intrinsic importance to understanding immigration regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Beine & Anna Boucher & Brian Burgoon & Mary Crock & Justin Gest & Michael Hiscox & Patrick Mcgovern & Hillel Rapoport & Joep Schaper & Eiko Thielemann, 2015. "Comparing Immigration Policies: An Overview from the IMPALA Database," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01304141, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01304141
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01304141
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Giovanni Peri & Francesc Ortega, 2009. "The Causes and Effects of International Migrations: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980-2005," Working Papers 78, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    2. Michel Beine & Anna Boucher & Brian Burgoon & Suzanna Challen & Mary Crock & Justin Gest & Michael Hiscox & Marc Helbling & Patrick Mcgovern & Hillel Rapoport & Eiko Thielemann, 2014. "Measuring and Comparing Migration, Asylum and Naturalization Policies Globally: Challenges and Solutions," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" hal-01045140, HAL.
    3. TimothyJ. Hatton, 2009. "The Rise and Fall of Asylum: What Happened and Why?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 119(535), pages 183-213, February.
    4. Bauer, Thomas K. & Lofstrom, Magnus & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2000. "Immigration Policy, Assimilation of Immigrants and Natives' Sentiments towards Immigrants: Evidence from 12 OECD-Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 187, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Dustmann Christian & Preston Ian P, 2007. "Racial and Economic Factors in Attitudes to Immigration," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 7(1), pages 1-41, November.
    6. Timothy J. Hatton, 2004. "Seeking asylum in Europe," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 19(38), pages 5-62, April.
    7. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2007. "Measuring International Skilled Migration: A New Database Controlling for Age of Entry," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 249-254, June.
    8. Ashley S. Timmer & Jeffrey G. Williamson, 1996. "Racism, Xenophobia or Markets? The Political Economy of Immigration Policy Prior to the Thirties," NBER Working Papers 5867, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Gordon H. Hanson & Kenneth Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2007. "Public Finance And Individual Preferences Over Globalization Strategies," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(1), pages 1-33, March.
    10. repec:cup:apsrev:v:104:y:2010:i:03:p:624-624_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Kenneth F. Scheve & Matthew J. Slaughter, 2001. "Labor Market Competition And Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 133-145, February.
    12. Boeri, Tito & Hanson, Gordon H. & McCormick, Barry (ed.), 2002. "Immigration Policy and the Welfare System: A Report for the Fondazione Rodolfo Debenedetti," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199256310.
    13. Justin Gest & Anna Boucher & Suzanna Challen & Brian Burgoon & Eiko Thielemann & Michel Beine & Patrick McGovern & Mary Crock & Hillel Rapoport & Michael Hiscox, 2014. "Measuring and Comparing Immigration, Asylum and Naturalization Policies Across Countries: Challenges and Solutions," Global Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 5(3), pages 261-274, September.
    14. Anna Mayda, 2010. "International migration: a panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(4), pages 1249-1274, September.
    15. Giovanni Facchini & Anna Maria Mayda, 2009. "Does the Welfare State Affect Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants? Evidence across Countries," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(2), pages 295-314, May.
    16. Grogger, Jeffrey & Hanson, Gordon H., 2011. "Income maximization and the selection and sorting of international migrants," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(1), pages 42-57, May.
    17. repec:cup:apsrev:v:104:y:2010:i:01:p:61-84_99 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Francesc Ortega & Giovanni Peri, 2009. "The Causes and Effects of International Migrations: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980-2005," NBER Working Papers 14833, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Liv Bjerre & Marc Helbling & Friederike Römer & Malisa Zobel, 2015. "Conceptualizing and Measuring Immigration Policies: A Comparative Perspective," International Migration Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(3), pages 555-600, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Axel Dreher & Martin Gassebner & Paul Schaudt, 2017. "The Effect of Migration on Terror - Made at Home or Imported from Abroad?," CESifo Working Paper Series 6441, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William Kerr & Çağlar Özden & Christopher Parsons, 2017. "High-Skilled Migration and Agglomeration," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 9(1), pages 201-234, September.
    3. Lumpe, Claudia, 2017. "Public beliefs in social mobility and high-skilled migration," Ruhr Economic Papers 691, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    4. Michel Beine & Brian B. Burgoon & Mary Crock & Justin Gest & Michael Hiscox & Patrick McGovern & Hillel Rapoport & Eiko Thielemann, 2015. "Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 61(3-4), pages 527-559.
    5. Michel Beine & Simone Bertoli & Jesús Fernández-Huertas Moraga, 2016. "A Practitioners’ Guide to Gravity Models of International Migration," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(4), pages 496-512, April.
    6. repec:ces:ifodic:v:16:y:2018:i:01:p:14-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & Caglar Özden & Christopher Parsons, 2016. "High-Skilled Migration and Agglomeration," CESifo Working Paper Series 6241, CESifo Group Munich.
    8. Schmid, Samuel D. & Helbling, Marc, 2016. "Validating the Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC) dataset," Discussion Papers, various Research Units SP VI 2016-202, WZB Berlin Social Science Center.
    9. repec:ces:ifodic:v:16:y:2018:i:1:p:50000000001953 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Hugo Rojas-Romagosa & Johannes Bollen, 2018. "Estimating migration changes from the EU’s free movement of people principle," CPB Discussion Paper 385, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    11. Michel Beine & Brian Burgoon & Mary Crock & Justin Gest & Michael Hiscox & Patrick McGovern & Hillel Rapoport & Eiko Thielemann, 2014. "Measuring Immigration Policies: Preliminary Evidence from IMPALA," CESifo Working Paper Series 5109, CESifo Group Munich.

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    Keywords

    immigration policy;

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