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Household Balance Sheet Channels of Monetary Policy: A Back of the Envelope Calculation for the Euro Area

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  • Slacalek, Jiri
  • Tristani, Oreste
  • Violante, Giovanni L.

Abstract

This paper formulates a back of the envelope approach to study the effects of monetary policy on household consumption expenditures. We analyze several transmission mechanisms operating through direct, partial equilibrium channels-intertemporal substitution and net interest rate exposure-and indirect, general equilibrium channels-net nominal exposure, as well as wealth, collateral and labor income channels. The strength of these forces varies across households depending on their marginal propensities to consume, their balance sheet composition, the sensitivity of their own earnings to fluctuations in aggregate labor income, and the responsiveness of aggregate earnings, asset prices and inflation to monetary policy shocks. We quantify all these channels in the euro area by combining micro data from the HFCS and the EU-LFS with structural VARs estimated on aggregate time series. We find that the indirect labor income channel and the housing wealth effect are strong drivers of the aggregate consumption response to monetary policy and explain the cross-country heterogeneity in these responses.

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  • Slacalek, Jiri & Tristani, Oreste & Violante, Giovanni L., 2019. "Household Balance Sheet Channels of Monetary Policy: A Back of the Envelope Calculation for the Euro Area," CEPR Discussion Papers 14245, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:14245
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    Cited by:

    1. Cantore, C. & Freund, L. B., 2020. "Workers, Capitalists, and the Government: Fiscal Policy and Income (Re)Distribution," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 2095, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    2. Francesco D’Acunto & Daniel Hoang & Michael Weber, 2020. "Managing Households' Expectations with Unconventional Policies," NBER Working Papers 27399, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Giancarlo Corsetti & Joao B. Duarte & Samuel Mann, 2020. "One Money, Many Markets: Monetary Transmission and Housing Financing in the Euro Area," IMF Working Papers 2020/108, International Monetary Fund.
    4. Tzamourani, Panagiota, 2021. "The interest rate exposure of euro area households," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 132(C).
    5. Alice Albonico & Guido Ascari & Qazi Haque, 2020. "The (ir)relevance of rule-of-thumb consumers for US business cycle fluctuations," CAMA Working Papers 2020-102, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    6. Altavilla, Carlo & Laeven, Luc & Peydró, José-Luis, 2020. "Monetary and macroprudential policy complementarities: evidence from European credit registers," Working Paper Series 2504, European Central Bank.
    7. Dirección General de Economía y Estadística, 2020. "El mercado de la vivienda en España entre 2014 y 2019," Occasional Papers 2013, Banco de España;Occasional Papers Homepage.
    8. Fleck, Johannes & Monninger, Adrian, 2020. "Culture and portfolios: trust, precautionary savings and home ownership," Working Paper Series 2457, European Central Bank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Consumption; Euro Area; Household Balance Sheets; marginal propensity to consume; monetary policy; wealth distribution;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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