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Household Debt and Monetary Policy: Revealing the Cash-Flow Channel

Author

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  • Flod�n, Martin
  • Kilstr�m, Matilda
  • Sigurdsson, Josef
  • Vestman, Roine

Abstract

We examine the cash-flow channel of monetary policy, i.e. the effect of monetary policy on spending when households hold debt linked to short-term rates such as adjustable rate mortgages (ARMs). Using registry-based data on Swedish households, we estimate substantial heterogeneity in consumption responses to a change in monetary policy through the cash-flow channel. Our findings imply that monetary policy has a stronger effect on real economic activity when households are highly indebted and have ARMs. For homeowners with a debt-to-income ratio of around 3 and ARMs, the estimated response is equivalent to a marginal propensity to consume of 0.5.

Suggested Citation

  • Flod�n, Martin & Kilstr�m, Matilda & Sigurdsson, Josef & Vestman, Roine, 2017. "Household Debt and Monetary Policy: Revealing the Cash-Flow Channel," CEPR Discussion Papers 12270, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12270
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    Cited by:

    1. Serdar Ozkan & Kurt Mitman & Fatih Karahan & Aaron Hedlund, 2016. "Monetary Policy, Heterogeneity and the Housing Channel," 2016 Meeting Papers 663, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. repec:eee:jimfin:v:85:y:2018:i:c:p:236-250 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    adjustable rate mortgages; Consumption; Household Debt; monetary policy; variable interest rates;

    JEL classification:

    • D14 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Saving; Personal Finance
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions

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