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A “reverse Robin Hood”? The distributional implications of non-standard monetary policy for Italian households

Author

Listed:
  • Marco Casiraghi

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Eugenio Gaiotti

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Lisa Rodano

    () (Bank of Italy)

  • Alessandro Secchi

    () (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

We study empirically the distributional implications of a non-standard monetary policy expansion, considering the measures implemented by the Eurosystem in 2011-2012 and exploiting a rich micro dataset on Italian households’ income and wealth, in order to take contemporaneously into account a number of income- and wealth-related channels. Our results do not support the claim that an unconventional monetary loosening acts as a “reverse Robin Hood”. Larger benefits accrue to households at the bottom of the income scale, as the effects via the stimulus to economic activity and employment outweigh those via financial variables. The response of net wealth is U-shaped: less wealthy households take advantage of their leveraged positions, wealthier households of their larger share of financial assets. Overall, the effects on inequality are negligible. The results also suggest that the risk of an “expropriation of savers” is not likely to materialize, as the decrease in the remuneration of savings is compensated by support to labour income and by capital gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Marco Casiraghi & Eugenio Gaiotti & Lisa Rodano & Alessandro Secchi, 2016. "A “reverse Robin Hood”? The distributional implications of non-standard monetary policy for Italian households," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1077, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_1077_16
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    1. ¿Puede la política monetaria reducir la desigualdad reactivando el empleo?
      by admin in Nada Es Gratis on 2019-05-21 05:07:48

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    Cited by:

    1. Mehdi El Herradi & Aurélien Leroy, 2019. "Monetary policy and the top one percent: Evidence from a century of modern economic history," DNB Working Papers 632, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    2. Stefano Neri & Stefano Siviero, 2019. "The non-standard monetary policy measures of the ECB: motivations, effectiveness and risks," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 486, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    3. Ampudia, Miguel & Georgarakos, Dimitris & Slacalek, Jiri & Tristani, Oreste & Vermeulen, Philip & Violante, Giovanni L., 2018. "Monetary policy and household inequality," Working Paper Series 2170, European Central Bank.
    4. Furceri, Davide & Loungani, Prakash & Zdzienicka, Aleksandra, 2018. "The effects of monetary policy shocks on inequality," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 168-186.
    5. Hohberger, Stefan & Priftis, Romanos & Vogel, Lukas, 2018. "The distributional effects of conventional monetary policy and quantitative easing: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model," Working Papers 2018-12, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
    6. Roine Vestman & Matilda Kilström & Josef Sigurdsson & Martin Floden, 2016. "Household Debt and Monetary Policy: Revealing the Cash-Flow Channel," 2016 Meeting Papers 1015, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    7. repec:eee:jimfin:v:85:y:2018:i:c:p:187-214 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Anna Samarina & Anh D.M. Nguyen, 2019. "Does monetary policy affect income inequality in the euro area?," DNB Working Papers 626, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    9. Andrea Colciago & Anna Samarina & Jakob de Haan, 2018. "Central bank policies and income and wealth inequality: A survey," DNB Working Papers 594, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    10. Fabio Panetta, 2016. "Central banking in the XXI century: never say never," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1626, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    11. Lenza, Michele & Slacalek, Jiri, 2018. "How does monetary policy affect income and wealth inequality? Evidence from quantitative easing in the euro area," Working Paper Series 2190, European Central Bank.
    12. Donato Masciandaro & Francesco Passarelli, 2018. "Populism, Financial Inequality And Central Bank Independence: A Political Economics Approach," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 1874, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    13. Hohberger, Stefan & Priftis, Romanos & Vogel, Lukas, 2018. "The distributional effects of conventional monetary policy and quantitative easing: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model," Working Papers 2018-12, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
    14. Pierre Monnin, 2017. "Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Regulation and Inequality," Discussion Notes 1702, Council on Economic Policies.
    15. Amaral, Pedro S., 2017. "Monetary Policy and Inequality," Economic Commentary, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue January.
    16. Domenica Tropeano, 2018. "Negative interest rates on deposit facility in the Eurozone: a failed attempt to revive the unsecured interbank market," Working Papers 83-2018, Macerata University, Department of Finance and Economic Sciences, revised Apr 2018.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; interest rates; policy effects; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality

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