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Understanding HANK: insights from a PRANK

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  • Sushant Acharya
  • Keshav Dogra

Abstract

We show analytically that whether incomplete markets resolve New Keynesian ?paradoxes? depends primarily on the cyclicality of income risk, rather than marginal propensity to consume (MPC) heterogeneity. Incomplete markets reduce the effectiveness of forward guidance and multipliers in a liquidity trap only with procyclical risk. Countercyclical risk amplifies these ?puzzles.? Procyclical risk permits determinacy under a peg; countercyclical risk generates indeterminacy even under the Taylor principle. MPC heterogeneity leaves determinacy and paradoxes qualitatively unaffected, but can change the sensitivity of GDP to interest rates. By affecting the cyclicality of risk, even ?passive? fiscal policy influences the effects of monetary policy.

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  • Sushant Acharya & Keshav Dogra, 2018. "Understanding HANK: insights from a PRANK," Staff Reports 835, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:835
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    Cited by:

    1. Sushant Acharya & Edouard Challe & Keshav Dogra, 2020. "Optimal Monetary Policy According to HANK," Staff Reports 916, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    2. Atif Mian & Ludwig Straub & Amir Sufi, 2020. "Indebted Demand," CESifo Working Paper Series 8210, CESifo.
    3. Felipe Alves & Greg Kaplan & Benjamin Moll & Giovanni L. Violante, 2020. "A Further Look at the Propagation of Monetary Policy Shocks in HANK," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 52(S2), pages 521-559, December.
    4. Cantore, C. & Freund, L. B., 2020. "Workers, Capitalists, and the Government: Fiscal Policy and Income (Re)Distribution," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 2095, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    5. Chengcheng Jia, 2019. "Forward Guidance under Imperfect Information: Instrument Based or State Contingent?," Working Papers 201922, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    6. Wei Dong & Geoffrey Dunbar & Christian Friedrich & Dmitry Matveev & Romanos Priftis & Lin Shao, "undated". "Complementarities Between Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy—Literature Review," Discussion Papers 2021-4, Bank of Canada.
    7. Bilbiie, Florin Ovidiu & Känzig, Diego R & Surico, Paolo, 2019. "Capital, Income Inequality, and Consumption: the Missing Link," CEPR Discussion Papers 14118, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Auclert, Adrien & Bardoczy, Bence & Rognlie, Matthew & Straub, Ludwig, 2019. "Using the Sequence-Space Jacobian to Solve and Estimate Heterogeneous-Agent Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 13890, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    9. Pascal Michaillat & Emmanuel Saez, 2018. "Resolving New Keynesian Anomalies with Wealth in the Utility Function," NBER Working Papers 24971, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Gerke, Rafael & Giesen, Sebastian & Scheer, Alexander, 2020. "The power of forward guidance in a quantitative TANK model," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 186(C).
    11. Slacalek, Jiri & Tristani, Oreste & Violante, Giovanni L., 2020. "Household balance sheet channels of monetary policy: A back of the envelope calculation for the euro area," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 115(C).
    12. Roulleau-Pasdeloup, Jordan, 2020. "Optimal monetary policy and determinacy under active/passive regimes," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    13. Sushant Acharya & Keshav Dogra, 2020. "Understanding HANK: Insights From a PRANK," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 88(3), pages 1113-1158, May.
    14. Atif Mian & Ludwig Straub & Amir Sufi, 2020. "Indebted Demand," CESifo Working Paper Series 8210, CESifo.
    15. Bilbiie, Florin Ovidiu, 2018. "Monetary Policy and Heterogeneity: An Analytical Framework," CEPR Discussion Papers 12601, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    16. Laura Feiveson & Nils Goernemann & Julie L. Hotchkiss & Karel Mertens & Jae W. Sim, 2020. "Distributional Considerations for Monetary Policy Strategy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2020-073, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    17. Sebastian Graves, 2020. "Does Unemployment Risk Affect Business Cycle Dynamics?," International Finance Discussion Papers 1298, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    18. Francesco Ferrante & Matthias Paustian, 2019. "Household Debt and the Heterogeneous Effects of Forward Guidance," International Finance Discussion Papers 1267, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    19. Maliar, Lilia & Naubert, Christopher, 2019. "TANK Models with Amplification and no Puzzles: the Magic of Output Stabilization and Capital," CEPR Discussion Papers 14159, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    20. Nicolas Caramp & Dejanir H. Silva, 2020. "Monetary Policy and Wealth Effects," Working Papers 337, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
    21. Ben Moll, 2020. "The Research Agenda: Ben Moll on the Rich Interactions between Inequality and the Macroeconomy," EconomicDynamics Newsletter, Review of Economic Dynamics, vol. 21(2), November.
    22. Bilbiie, Florin O., 2020. "The New Keynesian cross," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 90-108.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    New Keynesian; incomplete markets; monetary and fiscal policy; determinacy; forward guidance; fiscal multipliers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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