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Job Uncertainty and Deep Recessions

Author

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  • Vincent Sterk

    (University College London)

  • Morten Ravn

    (University College London)

Abstract

We study a heterogeneous agents model which combines matching frictions in the labor market with incomplete asset markets and nominal rigidities. Workers can experience job terminations that send them into short term unemployment or more serious job terminations that require a more difficult search process, a state we call for mis-match. We show an increase in job uncertainty decreases aggregate demand which lowers hiring and therefore produces even more job uncertainty and potentially a deep recession. The amplification mechanism is small when asset markets are complete, prices are flexible or unemployment is predominantly short term. Quantitatively, with a moderate and empirically plausible amount of mis-match, the model can account for the amplitude of the increase in unemployment during the Great Recession, for the increase in unemployment duration, and for much of the shift and movement along the Beveridge curve.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Sterk & Morten Ravn, 2013. "Job Uncertainty and Deep Recessions," 2013 Meeting Papers 921, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed013:921
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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