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Structural Scenario Analysis with SVARs

Author

Listed:
  • Petrella, Ivan
  • Antolin-Diaz, Juan
  • Rubio-Ramírez, Juan Francisco

Abstract

Macroeconomists seeking to construct conditional forecasts often face a choice between taking a stand on the details of a fully-specified structural model or relying on empirical correlations from vector autoregressions and remain silent about the underlying causal mechanisms. This paper develops tools for constructing ``structural scenarios'' that can be given an economic interpretation using identified structural VARs. We provide a unified and transparent treatment of conditional forecasting and structural scenario analysis and relate our approach to entropic forecast tilting. We advocate for a careful treatment of uncertainty, making the methods suitable for density forecasting and risk assessment. We also propose a metric to assess and compare the plausibility of alternative scenarios. We illustrate our methods with two applications: assessing the power of forward guidance about future interest rate policies and stress testing the reaction of bank profitability to an economic recession.

Suggested Citation

  • Petrella, Ivan & Antolin-Diaz, Juan & Rubio-Ramírez, Juan Francisco, 2018. "Structural Scenario Analysis with SVARs," CEPR Discussion Papers 12579, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12579
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conditional forecasts; Svars; Bayesian methods; Forward guidance; Stress testing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • E47 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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