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Frühkindliche Bildung und spätere kognitive und nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten: Deutsche und internationale Evidenz

Author

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  • Martin Schlotter
  • Ludger Wößmann

    ()

Abstract

Dieser Artikel präsentiert Ergebnisse mehrerer international vergleichender und deutscher mikroökonometrischer Untersuchungen zum Zusammenhang zwischen frühkindlicher Bildung und späteren kognitiven und nicht-kognitiven Fähigkeiten anhand der TIMSS-, PISA-, IGLU- und DJI-Kinderpanel-Datensätze. Die teils neue Evidenz belegt, dass der Besuch frühkindlicher Bildungseinrichtungen meist positiv mit späteren kognitiven und sozialen Kompetenzen zusammenhängt. Die international vergleichende Evidenz zu kognitiven Fähigkeiten deutet insbesondere auf eine große Bedeutung für die Chancengleichheit sowie auf die Wichtigkeit von Qualitäts- und Wettbewerbsaspekten in frühkindlichen Bildungssystemen hin. Deutschland-spezifische Analysen legen die Bedeutung des vor der Schule erreichten Kompetenzniveaus nahe, wohingegen die Evidenz zu den Effekten der zumeist als Betreuungseinrichtungen konzipierten deutschen Kindergärten weniger eindeutig ist. Weitere Evidenz belegt, dass ein früheres Eintrittsalter in den Kindergarten Kinder durchsetzungsfähiger macht und sie leichter Freundschaften schließen lässt.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Schlotter & Ludger Wößmann, 2010. "Frühkindliche Bildung und spätere kognitive und nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten: Deutsche und internationale Evidenz," ifo Working Paper Series 91, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ifowps:_91
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Braun, Sebastian & Friedl, Andreas & Groll, Dominik & Bachmann, Ronald & Giesecke, Matthias & Kramer, Anica & Paloyo, Alfredo & Sachs, Andreas, 2012. "Demografie und Wachstum: Die gesamtwirtschaftlichen Effekte einer höheren Erwerbstätigkeit Älterer. Gutachten im Auftrag der Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft (INSM) GmbH. Endbericht," RWI Projektberichte, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, number 72614.
    2. Kai-Uwe Müller & C. Katharina Spieß & Chrysanthi Tsiasioti & Katharina Wrohlich & Elisabeth Bügelmayer & Luke Haywood & Frauke Peter & Marko Ringmann & Sven Witzke, 2013. "Evaluationsmodul: Förderung und Wohlergehen von Kindern: Endbericht ; Studie im Auftrag der Geschäftsstelle für die Gesamtevaluation ehe- und familienbezogener Maßnahmen und Leistungen in Deutschland,," DIW Berlin: Politikberatung kompakt, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, volume 73, number pbk73.
    3. Ludger Wößmann, 2011. "Wettbewerb durch öffentliche Finanzierung von Schulen in freier Trägerschaft als wichtiger Ansatzpunkt zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 64(01), pages 09-18, January.
    4. Elke Lüdemann, 2011. "Schooling and the Formation of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Outcomes," ifo Beiträge zur Wirtschaftsforschung, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 39.
    5. Karl Aiginger & Susanne Bärenthaler-Sieber & Johanna Vogel, 2013. "Competitiveness under New Perspectives," WWWforEurope Working Papers series 44, WWWforEurope.
    6. Karl Aiginger & Susanne Bärenthaler-Sieber & Johanna Vogel, 2015. "Competitiveness of EU vs. US," WWWforEurope Policy Paper series 29, WWWforEurope.
    7. Frauke H. Peter & Pia S. Schober & C. Katharina Spieß, 2014. "Early Birds in Day Care: The Social Gradient in Starting Day Care and Children's Non-cognitive Skills," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1438, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    8. Wößmann Ludger, 2011. "Aktuelle Herausforderungen der deutschen Bildungspolitik: Ordnungspolitischer Rahmen und konkrete Handlungsfelder / Current Challenges for German Education Policy: Institutional Framework and Concrete," ORDO. Jahrbuch für die Ordnung von Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, De Gruyter, vol. 62(1), pages 145-176, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Frühkindliche Bildung; Kindergarten; kognitive Fähigkeiten; nicht-kognitive Fähigkeiten; internationaler Vergleich; TIMSS; PISA;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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